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ENG 1100 Study Guide - Final Guide: Hamartia, List Of Narrative Techniques, Metonymy

2 pages114 viewsFall 2017

Course Code
ENG 1100
Gaye Taylor
Study Guide

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Alliteration: The repetition of initial letters in two or more words.
Allusion: Casual reference to a historical or literary figure or event.
Analogy: A comparison of two things by which one unfamiliar object or idea is explained
by comparing it with other familiar objects or ideas
Antithesis: A literary technique in which opposite or strongly contrasting statements are
balanced against each other for emphasis. There must not only be an opposition of
ideas but it should be manifested through similar grammatical structure.
Cacophony: Harsh or dissonant sounds deliberately used by writers, especially poets, to
achieve a particular effect. The opposite of euphony.
Connotation: An additional, suggested, or implied meaning of words. Contrasts with
denotation, which is the exact, literal meaning. Connotations may change with time,
place, and experience.
Denotation: The specific, exact meaning of a word, independent of its emotional
colouration or associations. Dictionary definition.
Diction: The use of words in oral or written form. The accurate, careful use of words
through apt selection of specific words for a particular meaning to be conveyed. Four
levels include formal, informal, colloquial, and slang.
Euphony: Pleasing, smooth sounds, usually produced by long vowels rather than
consonants. The opposite of cacophony.
Hamartia: In tragedy, a human weakness which leads to action or inaction, contributing
to the downfall of the hero. Often called the “tragic flaw”.
Hubris: Overweening pride which results in the misfortune of the protagonist of a
tragedy. A form of hamartia which result from too much pride, ambition, and
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