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English Exam Review .docx

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James Parsons

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English Exam  Flaws  ­ Passive Voice  ­ Cutting Redundancy  ­ Subordination (fix wordiness, and sentence structure, simple is best)  Fallacies  1. Argumentum ad hominem (argument directed at the person) 2. Argumentum ad Populum (argument directed at the people)  3. Red Herring (misleading/unnecessary issue that distracts the reader’s attention  from the main topic)  4. Hasty Generalization (jumps to a conclusion with little proof)  5. Begging the question (assume conclusion is true, but has no evidence. Redundant  I.e. X is true amongst everyone, everyone believes in X.  6. Post hoc ergo propter hoc (oversimplifying evidence, i.e. because B happened  after A, B must be caused by A) 7. Either­or (oversimplifying an issue by presenting only two options when it is  more complex than that)  8. Exaggerating the trivial (distorting the evidence by treating a minor point as  something major or using a counteracting point to make your own points look  better)  9. False or weak analogy ( oversimplifying evidence by arguing that since two  things are alike, they are alike in many other ways as well)  10. Equivocation (using a term for more than one sense and being ambiguous)  11. Non sequitur (it does not follow, when a point is stated but the proof doesn’t  prove at all)  Evaluate Word Choice  Evaluate Diction (p.383)  Does diction help essay or not?  Writing the essay  Conclusion  ­ so what? ­ Re-say thesis and points ­ Real talk for the real world ­ End with how it changed my life Transition Words  Addition: also, again, as well as, besides, coupled with, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly Consequence: accordingly, as a result, consequently, for this reason, for this purpose, hence, otherwise, so then, subsequently, therefore, thus, thereupon, wherefore C
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