ENG 1120 Study Guide - Final Guide: John Barth, Young Goodman Brown, General Idea

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22 Jul 2016
Literary Terms
Allegory A narrative in which the literal events (persons, places, and things)
consistently point to a parallel sequence of symbolic ideas. This
narrative strategy is often used to dramatize abstract ideas,
historical events, religious systems, or political issues. An
allegory, therefore has two levels of meaning: a literal level that
tells a surface story and a symbolic level in which the abstract
ideas unfold. The names of allegorical characters often hint at their
symbolic roles. For example, in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Young
Goodman Brown,” Faith is not only the name of the protagonist’s
wife but also a symbol of the protagonist’s religious faith
Antagonist The most significant character or force that opposes the
protagonist in a narrative
Atmosphere The dominant mood or feeling that pervades all or part of a
narrative, atmosphere is the total effect conveyed by the author’s
use of language, images and physical setting. Atmosphere is often
used to foreshadow the ultimate climax in a narrative
Character An imagined person who inhabits a narrative
Character Description An aspect of characterization in which the author overtly relates
either physical or mental traits of a character, this description is
almost invariably a sign of what lurks beneath the surface of the
Character Development The process in which a character is introduced, advanced, and
possibly transformed in a story. This development can prove to be
either static (the character’s personality is unchanging throughout
the narrative) or dynamic (the character’s personality is
unchanging throughout the narrative) or dynamic (the character’s
personality undergoes some meaningful change during the course
of the narrative)
Editorial Point of View
(aka Authorial Intrusion)
The effect that occurs when a third-person narrator adds his or her
own comments (which presumably represent the ideas and
opinions of the author) into the narrative
Epiphany 頓悟 A moment of insight, discovery, or revelation by which a
character’s life is greatly altered. An epiphany generally occurs
neat the end of a story. The term, which means “showing forth” in
Greek, was first used in Christian theology to signify the
manifestation of God’s presence in the world. This theological
idea was adapted by James Joyce to refer to a heightened moment
of secular revelation
First-Person Narrator A story in which the narrator is a participant in the action. Such a
narrator refers to himself or herself as “I” and may be a major or
minor character in the story. His or her attitude toward and
understanding of characters and event shapes the reader’s
perception of the story being told
Flashback A scene relived in a character’s memory. Flashbacks can be
related by the narrator in a summary, or they can be experienced
by the characters themselves. Flashbacks allow the author to
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