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HIS1120 Final: The Schuman Declaration Exam Topics

Course Code
HIS 1120
Tesler Mabe
Study Guide

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The Schuman Declaration of 9 May 1950 was a governmental proposal by then-French
Foreign Minister Robert Schuman to create a new form of organisation of states in
Europe called a supranational community. Following the experiences of two world wars,
France concluded that certain values such as justice could not be defined by the State
apparatus alone. It involved far more than a technical Community to place the coal and
steel industries of France, West Germany and other countries under a common High
Authority. It led to the re-organization of post- World War western Europe by treaty. The
proposal led first to the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). It
was also the forerunner of several other European Communities and also what is now the
European Union (EU). The event is commemorated annually as Europe Day and
Schuman himself is considered one of the Founding fathers of the European Union.
The Declaration had several distinct aims, which it tackled together.
It marked the birth of Europe as a political entity
It aimed to make war between Member States impossible
It encouraged world peace
It would transform Europe by a 'step by step' process (building through sectoral
supranational communities) leading to the unification of Europe, including both
East and West Europe separated by the Iron Curtain
the world's first international anti-cartel agency
It created a single market across the Community
This, starting with the coal and steel sector, would revitalise the whole European
economy by similar community processes
It claimed to improve the world economy and of the developing countries, such as
those in Africa.[4]
European integration, 1950-1970s
Schuman Declaration (1950)
Fear that further conflict was imminent
The area of Alsace-Lorraine, rich in resources, is critical
Franco-German production of coal and steel
Open to other countries, western Europe enter
Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg
a) 1951-1956: The European Coal and Steel Community
Has its own flag
No duties or customs
Coordinates production
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