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Week 12 – China- The Wakening Dragon (1984-Present).docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS1111
Professor
Don't Know
Semester
Winter

Description
Week 12China The Wakening Dragon 1984PresentOver the last decade China has been one of global capitalisms principal beneficiaries emerging as the worlds second largest economy and boasting the largest growth rate Historical Context After the Opium Wars the empire and civilization collapsedexternal and internal factors The infamous 1902 Boxer rebellion symbolized the degree to which China had fallen under Western influence and domination despite maintaining a fragile grasp over its independenceIn 1911 the empire officially collapsed Nationalist China 19111945 othe Nationalist government did not so much fall as collapseIts members had never been popular the Nationalists were divided and in the civil war that ensued after World War II their authority simply evaporated o1937 Rape of NankingNanking remains at the heart of a bitter Chinese memory of the brutal occupation at the hands of the JapaneseChinese Civil War194550oAt the end of WWII there was a war btw powers over who would rule China oIn the West the Fall of China was greeted with great alarmSuddenly six hundred million people moved from the free world to the communist campIn truth the victory of the communist was predicated upon incompetence of nationalists and the unpopularity of Chang KaiShek typical of most radical movements in historyo1950 Humiliating Treaty with RussiaoKorean War against the USlost many casualties Mao Refashions Society oDuring the Great Leap Forward families were forced to give up their metal ware to village furnaces for smelting in a wildly unsuccessful program of popular industrialization 2030 million Chinese starved to deathoA lot of violencemany landlords were killed and persecuted oA lot of china remained unchanged oDictatorship of the Proletariat 19531957made communist the only political group inside ChinaFollowing Three Years of disaster 19591962 Liu won prestige as he reversed the radical steps of the Great Leap forward slowly stabilizing the Chinese economyAs part of this clean up Mao was pushed to the side until he began to push back in 1963The Cultural Revolution 19661976 oAfter the Great Leap Forward proved a disaster Mao Zedong felt his position imperiled by young reformersTo retain control Mao launched
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