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The Protestant Reformation.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS1120
Professor
Hernan Tesler- Mabe
Semester
Fall

Description
The Protestant Reformation Introduction Renaissance was not an isolated phenomenon ---Many of the same impulses created and changed other parts of Europe. Was the reform possible without the renaissance? Maybe… Both came from the same reasons the protestant reformations does NOT come first as a break from the catholic church. Begins as a REFORMATION Why reform? Papacy—had lots of political power As a result, people start to question the papacy’s ability to lead the faithful The parish priests: were increasingly seen as corrupt and sinful All erodes authority of church The Beginning of Change Martin Luther was not the first person to criticise Catholic church ;Many people before attempt to refine religion in past Changes in doctrine,Anticlericalism (against men of the cloth) EXAMPLES: The Cathars, 12 century in France---Mont Segour --believed that god created the spiritual world, the devil created the real world/material world Goal: connect to the spiritual world and NOT the material/real world Actually stopped pro-creating to be closer to god (Church didn’t like them…) Catholics launched a crusade against the Cathars and defeated them. 15 and 16 centuries—marked by intense attempts to reform the Catholic church Renaissance Humanism=Very Important People began to compare the church to the texts 3 Principle Problems with the Catholic Church 1) Focus on the temporal instead of spiritual 2) General poor training the parish priests 3) The some of the catholic teachings are not in the original book—bible Two principle reformers: Jan Hus Born in Prague 1339 and was burned at the stake in 1415 Ordained as a catholic priest, becomes the rector of the university Early on in sermons: attacks the clergy 1430: excommunicated by the pope and cannot attend the mass Still continues to preach and is in a position of power in Prague Argues: the papacy has lost its legitimacy (At least two popes in the period) Criticises the grant of indulgences where for Catholics to alleviate their sins had to confess, and could purchase a sum that shortens the time you have to spend on penance for your sins, and concludes less time spent in purgatory after you die. Corrupt popes would travel to remote cities and sell indulgences. Hus:Argues that the solution is repentance and NOT a transaction Proto-nationalist movement: Hussite movement—takes on a national level (Jan Hus’s followers) 1419-1431 the Hussite wars The church; launched a crusade against the husseites and tries to destroy the movement Crusade: the oppress the movements that go against the catholic church Hussite movement breaks off into many smaller movements. Hussite: fairly moderate movement Related to Taborite movement (more extreme than the Hussite movement) Tabor (city in eastern Bohemia) 1) Well protected (river and hill) 2) Ridiculous amounts of gold Tried to build passages; found lots of gold Taborites: an egalitarian society (equal rights to every citizen) Believed that we were all the same and thought would bring about Jesus’s return. Battle tactics: set fire to wagons, and rolled them into armies 1431: armies are largely defeated Because they put up sufficient resistance: Utraquism – practice where all church members take part in the rice paper and the wine of the uquerst (Anew idea of a democratic church) Granted a certain amount of freedom from the papacy; still Catholic Regard this as a resistance to the papacy Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466-1536) --Censorship in the Catholic Index Librorum Prohibitorum Devout Catholic, born, raised and died Ordained as a priest; travelled to Paris, England and modern day Belgium Worked on re-editing the bible “the New Testament” Publishes the first Greek and the first revised Latin version of the bible in 1516 Erasmus: never chose sides in the protestant---catholic debate Saw benefits and flaws with both; wanted to prevent a large split Thought that destroying the unity would destroy the civilised world And that Rebirth would help reform the church and society as a whole As you learn more and can appreciate beauty, your relationship with god is strengthened Martin Luther and his critique of the Catholic Church Martin Luther: (1483-1546) born in Eisleiben (Saxony) Born into a context of reform and questioning the boundaries of the Catholic church 1507: ordained as a Catholic priest Begins
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