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Final

Microbiology Final Exam Notes.docx

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Department
Health Sciences
Course
HSS1100
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
MicrobiologyFinalExamNotesVIRUSESANDVIRUSINFECTIONSGeneralCharacteristicsGrowonlyinlivingcellsHaveeitherDNAorRNAneverbothDonotdivideRequirelivingcellsforgrowthandreplicationMultiplybyseparatesynthesisBasicComponents1NucleicacidcoreaCarriesthegeneticcodeinfectious2ProteincoataProtectsthecorebCarrierstheantigen3SurfaceantigensaProteinorCHObHighlyvariableReplication1AdsorptionaVirusescanadsorbreceptorsoncellsurface2PenetrationanduncoatingaVirusesenterthecellandproteincoatislostnucleicacidreleasedbCellundetectable3SynthesisofnucleicacidandproteinaViralnucleicacidredirectsthecellmetabolismtoproduceviralproteinandnucleicacid4AssemblymaturationaViralcomponentsareassembledtoformmaturevirusparticlesinfective5ReleaseaNewlyformedvirusparticlesarereleasedbylysisdestructionofcellbORbuddingthroughcellmembraneViralDiagnosis2mainapproachesoDetecttheclinicalspecimenoDetecttheimmuneresponsedetectionofantibodiesinpatientsbloodDetectioninClinicalSpecimen1Visualizationbyelectronmicroscopy2CellcultureaCytopathiceffectsbHemagglutinationagglutinateRBCsaddedtocellculturecImmunofluorescence3ImmunologicalmethodsaDirectdetectionofviralantigenDetectionofPatientsImmuneResponseImmunitytestspresenceorabsenceofantibodyagainstvirusDiagnostictestsriseinantibodytiteragainstagivenvirusevidencethatvirushascausedaviralillnessVirusesCausingDiseaseinHumansRESPIRATORYVIRUSESAboutPreventionAnnualvaccineInfluenzaVirusesTypeAmajorepidemicsAntiviraldrugsonlyactiveagainstTypeBmildtypeAProducehaemagglutininInfantsandelderlyaremostsensitive2bloodsamplespairedseratakentoseeiftheresanincreaseintiterofantibodiesInfantsandyoungchildrenNovaccineParainfluenzaVirusesSeriouscomplicationscroupbronchiolitisChildrenunder2NovaccineRespiratorySyncytialMaybefatalVirusesCommoncoldRhinovirusesRepeatedinfectionsarecommonMostcommoninchildrenVaccineusedinarmyAdenovirusesAsymptomaticCausespneumoniaininfantsNBInfluenzaVirusesgreaterdiseaseriskifunder25andolderthan65somepeoplewithriskofcomplicationpregnantasthmadiabetesimmunesuppressionheartdiseaseandkidneydiseaseH1N12009VaccineAdjuvantvaccinesubstanceaddedtothevaccinetoincreasebodysimmuneresponsetothevaccineoDecreaseamountofvaccineproteinperdoseColdvsFluFluColdSuddenSlowOnsetofillnessHighMildtonofeverFeverSevereMildExhaustionlevelAchyHeadachefreeHeadDecreasedNormalAppetiteAchyNormalMusclesYesNoChills
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