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HSS 1101 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Foodborne Illness, Binge Drinking, Vegetarianism

Health Sciences
Course Code
HSS 1101
Tien Nguyen
Study Guide

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Social Determinants of Health (September 12)
- Microscopic look at the human body, looking at neurology, immunology, physiology, etc.
- Done through surgeries and pharmaceuticals
- Can be invasive, such as chemotherapy which affects the whole body
- Tertiary intervention (treating disease/illness)
- Problem- potentially disempowering individual
- Macroscopic, looking at the factors in the environment that compromise the human
- Done through ayurvedic, TCM (traditional Chinese medicine), naturopathic
- Non-invasive
- Primary intervention (preventing disease/illness)
- Problem- results are not definitive/no scientific proof, also acceptance, hard to measure
Holistic health: healthy diet, exercise, sleep, work, enjoyment, managing stress
Reductionist health: injuries, cancer, things that need to be treated immediately
**To achieve optimum health, both approaches need to be considered, not just one or the
Social Determinants of Health
Conventional approach to health- knowing the risk factor (between genes, resilience and
Evidence- education, income and relative social position are the greatest predictors of health
Health promotion activities can typically broaden gap between the richest (more educated) and
the poorest (less educated), because richer people tend to have more resources to modify their
- People living in already favoured economic and social circumstances, tend to experience
more positive effects from lifestyle changes.
Conceptual Models of Population Health (September 15)
Population health- approach to health that aims to improve the health of an entire population,
also reduce health inequities
Health inequity- avoidable inequalities in health
Social ecology theory- assumes that changes in social environment will cause changes in
- prevent uptake and development of dependency
- accommodates influencing factors in the socio-physical environment
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Chapter 1- Discovering your Personal Rhythm for Healthy Living (September 15)
What is health?
- absence of disease and good hygiene
- more than not being sick, death due to disease- infectious and chronic
- decreased morbidity and mortality rate
Health as Wellness
- dynamic
- characterized by adaptability to life situations
Health Promotion
- optimal conditions for behaviour change: educational, organizational, environmental,
financial supports
- primary: stop problems before they start
- secondary: early intervention (halt progression)
- tertiary: treatment, rehab (limit disease effects)
Sex Differences
- Factors reflecting sex biases in medical research: androcentricity, overgeneralization,
sex insensitivity, double standards
Benefits of Achieving Optimal Health
- Longer life, better quality of life, more energy, stronger immune system, improved self-
- Enhanced relationships, stress control, improved cardiovascular, reduced health-care
- Fitness, positive outlook, environmental sensitivity, spiritual health
Chapter 5- Eating for Optimal Health and Performance (September 20)
Hunger- physiological need to eat
Appetite- psychological desire to eat
*Canadian calorie intake is too high
Caada’s Food Guide- switched to more carbohydrates being consumed using vegetables
instead of grains and starchy foods (same amount for carb intake)
- 2 years or older
- age and sex specific
o variety of foods, balanced intake, moderation of calorie intake
Digestive Process
- break food into usable form
o mouth-chew, saliva, enzymes
o esophagus- transport to stomach
o stomach- mix food, acid, enzymes
o small intestine- 8m, receive enzymes from liver + pancreas
nutrients absorbed into bloodstream (supply energy)
o liver distributes nutrients
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