DVM2110 Health, Education and Social Protection
Review Session [Monday April 3 , 2017]
- Short answer questions (10/13 questions)
o What theory argues that the welfare state is the product of modernization?
- Explanatory questions (5/8 questions)
o What is the meaning of anomie?
o What tradition discusses it?
o What solution is offered against it?
- Essay format questions (1/3 questions)
o What kind of welfare state provides the best solution to stratification?
6 CATEGORIES OF THE WELFARE STATE:
1. The welfare state emerged as part of - Famous functionalist theory
the ‘logic of industrialization’ - Also has been labeled as: theory of necessity +
structuralist theory + Institutionalist theory
- Argued that industrialization which resulted in
formation of idea of capitalism
2. The welfare state developed in
response to the needs of advanced
3. The welfare state is a product of
modernization of societies
4. The welfare state was shaped by - Marxist approach
struggle over politics and social class
5. Welfare states are products of the
social organizations of production
6. The welfare state is determined by the - Idea of Thomas Greene or Caines
structure and interests of the state or - Liberal approach must be modified
- Will the salience of class diminish with the extension of social citizenship?
o Importance of equality and social justice
o Relationship of the market, the state, and citizens
- Stratification: social classification in which people are divided into separate divisions
o Reason behind struggle of social classes
- Welfare state is supposed to address this classification of gaps between people
- Almost all models of W.S. generate stratification
- Why do social democracies result in stratification?
o Social democracy prefers to address all needs of society
So why does it still result in stratification?
o Social labours = stratification
DOES STATE INTERVENE OR NOT?
- Non-interventionist school of thought
o Liberalism - Interventionist school of thought
1. Interventionist schools
a. Conservatism – corporatism
b. Socialism – social democracy
2. Non-interventionist school
a. Liberalism – against absolutist regimes
b. Modified liberalism
b.i. Free market
b.ii. Minimalist state
b.iii. Equitable society
b.iv. Enjoyment of individual freedom
- Fredrich List
- Adolph Wagner
- Gustav Schmoller
Healthy Economy non competition + discipline productivity + welfare + solidarity + loyalty
CONSERVATISM: DISCIPLINE WORKS
- Austrian socialism – Heiman, Adler
o Support of the workers
o Welfare policies as prerequisites
Why conservatism generates stratification?
socialism also generates slight stratification
-aginst corporatist models
- against master tested model of conservatism
karl Polanyi – the great transformation
- suggests that capitalist system, generates and feeds seeds of dissatisfaction
- what is it?
- how could the WS respond to commodification?
o Remember marx
- Lierablis, cash nexus, and commodification
- Hwhat about conservatism
- Socialism? DVM2110 Health, Education and Social Protection
Review Session [Thursday April 6 , 2017]
Who is the agent of the welfare?
The state interventionism conservatism (decommodification, discriminatory, high and medium
stratification) and socialism (decommodification, universal, low or non- stratification)
The market non-interventionist high degree of commodification, standard provisions, means-tested
Welfare approaches and social rights:
Are the pensions the same as the welfare?
o In the welfare state, the gov’t provides the economic and social well-being for people
o The purpose is redistribution and reducing on inequality
o Is a specific term, any benefit means welfare, but any wefare does not mean bene