DVM2110 Final: DVM2110 - Final Exam Review

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University of Ottawa
International Development and Globalization

DVM2110 Health, Education and Social Protection Review Session [Monday April 3 , 2017] FORMAT: - Short answer questions (10/13 questions) o What theory argues that the welfare state is the product of modernization? - Explanatory questions (5/8 questions) o What is the meaning of anomie? o What tradition discusses it? o What solution is offered against it? - Essay format questions (1/3 questions) o What kind of welfare state provides the best solution to stratification? 6 CATEGORIES OF THE WELFARE STATE: 1. The welfare state emerged as part of - Famous functionalist theory the ‘logic of industrialization’ - Also has been labeled as: theory of necessity + structuralist theory + Institutionalist theory - Argued that industrialization which resulted in formation of idea of capitalism 2. The welfare state developed in response to the needs of advanced capitalism 3. The welfare state is a product of modernization of societies 4. The welfare state was shaped by - Marxist approach struggle over politics and social class 5. Welfare states are products of the social organizations of production 6. The welfare state is determined by the - Idea of Thomas Greene or Caines structure and interests of the state or - Liberal approach must be modified polity STRATIFICATION - Will the salience of class diminish with the extension of social citizenship? o Importance of equality and social justice o Relationship of the market, the state, and citizens - Stratification: social classification in which people are divided into separate divisions o Reason behind struggle of social classes - Welfare state is supposed to address this classification of gaps between people - Almost all models of W.S. generate stratification - Why do social democracies result in stratification? o Social democracy prefers to address all needs of society  So why does it still result in stratification? o Social labours = stratification DOES STATE INTERVENE OR NOT? - Non-interventionist school of thought o Liberalism - Interventionist school of thought o Conservatism o Socialism? GRAND NARRATIVES 1. Interventionist schools a. Conservatism – corporatism b. Socialism – social democracy 2. Non-interventionist school a. Liberalism – against absolutist regimes b. Modified liberalism b.i. Free market b.ii. Minimalist state b.iii. Equitable society b.iv. Enjoyment of individual freedom LAISSEZ-FAIRE LIBERALISM CONSERVATISM - Fredrich List - Adolph Wagner - Gustav Schmoller - Bismarck Healthy Economy  non competition + discipline  productivity + welfare + solidarity + loyalty ^Monarchy CONSERVATISM: DISCIPLINE WORKS Social democracy - Austrian socialism – Heiman, Adler o Support of the workers  Equality  Justice o Welfare policies as prerequisites  Freedom  Solidarity Why conservatism generates stratification? socialism also generates slight stratification -aginst corporatist models - against master tested model of conservatism - more… karl Polanyi – the great transformation - suggests that capitalist system, generates and feeds seeds of dissatisfaction commodification - what is it? - how could the WS respond to commodification? o Remember marx - Lierablis, cash nexus, and commodification - Hwhat about conservatism - Socialism? DVM2110 Health, Education and Social Protection Review Session [Thursday April 6 , 2017] Who is the agent of the welfare?  The state  interventionism  conservatism (decommodification, discriminatory, high and medium stratification) and socialism (decommodification, universal, low or non- stratification)  The market  non-interventionist  high degree of commodification, standard provisions, means-tested welfare stratification Welfare approaches and social rights: ???? Are the pensions the same as the welfare?  Welfare o In the welfare state, the gov’t provides the economic and social well-being for people o The purpose is redistribution and reducing on inequality  Benefit pensions o Is a specific term, any benefit means welfare, but any wefare does not mean bene
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