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[MUS1301] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (33 pages long)Premium

33 pages73 viewsFall 2015

Department
Music
Course Code
MUS 1301
Professor
Genvieve Bazinet
Study Guide
Final

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uOttawa
MUS1301
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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MUS1301 – Intro
What is music?
The rational organization of sounds and silences passing through time.
Sound-
Created by sound waves (the vibrations that reflect slight differences in air pressure)
Speed of the vibration determines whether pitches are low or high
Listening to music:
-1870's: phonograph with metal cylinders
-1930s: tape recorders
-1960s: Cassette tape/eight track
-1990s: CDs
-1990s: Mp3 and M4A files
Classical vs. Popular music
Classical
High art or learned music
Timeless qualities
Mostly instrumental
Performed by higher class/nobility (prestige)
Precise notation- written down very carefully and performed exactly the same way each time
Acoustic instruments
Lengthy and varied mood (different movements)
Abstract sound patters
Popular
Appeals to a large population
Contemporary issues of todays life
Emphasizes vocal music
Electrically amplified instruments
Short and conveys a single mood
Emphasis on beat
Classical music genres-
Opera houses and theatres
Opera
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Ballet
Concert halls
Symphony
Concerto
Oratorio (Opera without acting)
Chamber halls
Art song
String quartet
Piano sonata
Styles of classical music- Mostly coincides with visual art eras or literary eras
The middle ages 476-1450
Renaissance 1450-1600
Baroque era 1600-1750
Classical era1750-1820
Romantic era 1820-1900
Impressionist era 1880-1920
Modern era 1900-1985 - beginning of electronic music
Postmodern era 1945-present - recreation of older music
The language of music
-A means of communication
-Can convey any emotion
-Has been apart of our lives since infancy
Rhythm-
The organization of time in music
-gives shape to the melody
-provides definition to melody
-Divides time into smaller units
-The most fundamental element of music
-Beat: A regularily recurring sound that divides the passing of time into equal units
-Tempo: Speed at which the beat sounds (allegro presto lento grave)
-Meter: Organizing beats into groups (Measures/bars, downbeat, accents)
Melody-
A series of notes arranged in order to form a distinctive recognizable musical unit
-Pitch
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