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MUS 1301 Midterm: Summary - Baroque & Classical Key Terms (Study Guide)

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Genevieve Boucher

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Key Terms Theory, Rudiments, Form Mezzosoprano: female vocal range between alto and soprano Baritone (voice): male voice part of middle range, between tenor and bass Overtone: extremely faint sound, in addition to the fundamental sound of an instrument, caused by fractional vibrations of a string or air column within a pipe Symphony Orchestra: large instrumental ensemble that plays symphonies, overtures, concertos, etc. Tremolo: musical tremor produced on a string instrument by repeating the same pitch with quick upanddown strokes of the bow Texture: the density and disposition of the musical lines that make up a musical composition (monophonic, homophonic, polyphonic) Form: purposeful organization of the artists materials; in music, the general shape of a composition as perceived by the listener Statement: presentation of important musical idea Strophic form: music is repeated anew for each successive stanza; form used in setting a strophic or stanzaic text Rondo Form: classical form with at least three statements of the refrain (A) and at least two contrasting sections (at least B and C); placement of refrain creates symmetrical patterns such as ABACA, ABACABA, or even ABACADA Musical style: general surface sound produced by the interaction of the elements of music: melody, rhythm, harmony, colour, texture, and form Medieval and Renaissance Medieval instruments: o Pipe organ: principal instrument of the monastery and cathedral Ancient musical instrument constructed mainly of pipes and keys The player depresses a key, which allows air to rush into or over a pipe, thereby producing sound Stop: knob (or key) on a pipe organ that, when pulled (or pushed), allows a particular group of pipes to sound, thereby creating a distinctive tone colour o Haut: loud instruments; often used for dance music Sackbut: trombone ancestor Shawm: oboe ancestor (doublereed woodwind) Cornetto: clarinet and trumpet hybrid sound (woodwind) o Bas: soft instruments Flute (recorder) Fiddle (vielle): ancestor of the violin Harp: plucked string instrument with triangular shape Lute: sixstring instrument, pearshaped soundbox (ancestor of the guitar) Humanism: o Renaissance belief that people have the capacity to create many things good and beautiful
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