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PHI 2382 Lecture Notes

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHI2382
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
PHI2382MedievalPhilosophyLecture109072013PHI2382MedievalPhilosophyLecture209072013AugustinesConfessionsConfessionhas2religiousmeanings1SacramentintheCatholicChurchwhereyouspeaktoapriestaboutsinsyouhavecommittedreceiveforgivenessfromJesusChristthroughthepriest2AnothernameforaCreedisConfessionsACreedisatestamentofthegoodthingsofthefaithIntellectualAutobiographythChristianphilosophyreallybegantotakeoffinthe4centuryRhetoricSophiststhTherewere3greatschoolsofphilosophyduringtheHellenisticperiodfromthedeathofAristotle4thcenturyBCuntilAugustinestime4centuryAD1Epicurean2Stoics3ScepticsAimtoachieveataraxiapeaceofmindthroughtheseschoolsofphilosophyWhysomuchemphasisonpeaceThiswasnotapeacefultimePHI2382MedievalPhilosophyLecture209072013AugustinegiveshisanswertoHellenisticphilosophyinthesecondparagraphourheartsarerestlessuntiltheyrestintheeAugustinesaysthereisnoproblemwithpeaceofmindthereisnomentalexercisetohelpHavingarelationshipwithGodiswhatgivesuspeaceofmindInfansemptyspeechlessornewborninLatinAninfantbecomesasmallchildwhenheshebeginstospeakBlankSlatePlatodeniedtheblankslatetheorystatingthateverythingweknowweknowwhenwerebornWellneverlearnanythingnewWesimplyrememberthingsthatweknewbeforeAristotlearguesthatweareblankslateswhenwearebornandallofourknowledgecomesthroughexperienceStevenPinkerTheBlankSlatehethinksthatalltheevidencepointstoourformationbeingveryheavilybasedonwhenwearebornandthatthereisonlysomucheducationetccandoThisissimilartoaNaturevsNurturetopicIfPlatohadbeenaskedWhatdowehavewhenwerebornhewouldsayknowledgeofjusticebeautyetcAugustinesaysthatwearebornwithsinSinisseparationfromGodDisobediencetoGodDisobeyingwhatGodwantsustodoWhatGodwantsustodoiswhatisbestforusandthethosearoundusAugustinelivedinatimewhenthemovementwasforChristianitywelivedinatimethatisagainstChristianityAugustineseesPlatosthinkaspowerfulthinkingHethinksofhowhecouldrelatethisthoughttoChristianphilosophy
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