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midterm exam review PHI 2389 FALL 20120.docx

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PHI 2389ASIAN PHILOSOPHYMIDTERM EXAM REVIEWBUDDHISMFour Noble Truths1The First Noble TruthDukkha The noble truth of sufferingLife according to Buddhism is nothing but suffering and painDukkha means suffering pain sorrow or miseryIt also means imperfection impermanence emptiness and insubstantialityHowever he does not deny happiness in lifeHe admits different forms of happiness both material and spiritualRealistic and objective view on lifethere are three things in regard with life and the enjoyment of sensepleasures iAttraction and enjoyment you are attracted to certain things because they give you a sense of enjoymentiiEvil consequence or danger or unsatisfactoriness once this thing you enjoy is gone there is a feeling of painiiiFreedom or liberation if you have no attachment you are free from this painThree aspects of DukkhaiDukkha as ordinary suffering old age sickness griefall forms of physical and mental pains which are universaliiDukkha as produced by change A happy feeling is not permanent or everlastingIt changes and when it does it produces pain suffering unhappiness iiiDukkha as conditioned states The Five Aggregates Five Aggregates of Attachment are DukkhaiAggregate of Mattersolidity fluidity heat and motion Four Great ElementsFive material senseorgans faculties of eye ear nose tongue and body Derivatives of Four Great ElementsiiAggregate of Sensations includes all our sensations pleasant or unpleasant or neutral experienced through the contact of physical and mental organs with the external worldie Eye with the visible form ear with sound nose with odour tongue with taste body with tangible objects and mind with mindobjects or thoughts or ideasMinda faculty or organIt senses the world of ideas and thoughts and mental objectsIdeas and thoughts which form a part of the world are thus produced and conditioned by physical experiences and are conceived by the mindHence mind is considered a sense faculty or organ like the eye or the eariiiAggregate of Perceptions the perception that recognize objects whether physical or mentalivAggregate of Mental Formations includes volitional activities both good and bad Volition is mental construction mental activityIts function is to direct the mind in the sphere of good bad or neutral activitiesvAggregate of Consciousness consciousness is a reaction or response which has one of the six faculties eye ear nose tongue body and mind as its basis and one of the six corresponding external phenomena visible form sound odour taste tangible things and mind objects as its objects
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