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POL 1101 Understanding Politics

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL1101
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
POL1101UnderstandingPoliticsLecture1PoliticsasaDisciplineTraditionDisciplineandDefinitionsPoliticalScienceIsafieldofstudyinvolvingmanyothersOnlyreallydevelopedafterWW2BeforePoliticalScienceyouhadlaweconomicssociologyetcCameaboutinNorthAmericanearlierthantherestoftheworldUSAFocuseslargelyoneconomicsEuropeanlargelyonHistoryCanadafocusesonbothTheresseveraldifferentiationsPoliticalSciencecanlookattradewaretcInCanadaPoliticalScienceisdividedintofoursubfieldsoPoliticalThoughtPoliticalTheoryorPoliticalPhilosophyReferstoaskingnormativequestionshowthingsshouldbewhileothersaremoreinterestedinknowingwhytheyarewhattheyareMoreabstracttypeofthinkingThinkingofvaluesequalityorderetcAboutfindingtherightequilibriumoftheseinsocietyHowdoweinliberalsocietiesreconcilethesewithincertainunitsSpecializeonauthorsandshedlightoneventsoComparativePoliticsPoliticswithinthestateandisaboutprocessesandinstitutionslargelywithinthestateiestudyingpoliticalpartiesofGermanyThestudyofCanadianpoliticsisntverydifferentfromcomparativepoliticshowevernoteverythingappliesierevolutionsThingsimportanttoCanadianpoliticsmaynotapplytoothercountriesiemulticulturalismAboriginalpoliticsoCanadianPoliticsPoliticalScienceinCanadaisacaseofComparativePoliticsandshouldbestudiedmorethanothersDistinctfieldtounderstandourselvesiewhythegovernmentisformedThemesincludeMulticulturalismAboriginalpoliticsLinguisticissuesFederalismoInternationalRelationsWasverymuchdefinedasinterstaterelationsdiplomacybuthasgrowntobesomuchmoreBeforeColdWarpeoplewereconcernedwithwarandpeaceIfyourenowinterestedinhumanrightsiegenderminorityetcinternationaltradeenvironmentsecurityetcitallinvolvesinternationalrelationsVerycentraltounderstandingglobalpoliticsComparativepoliticslooksatinnerfactorsofthecountrywhileinternationallooksatouterfactorsoftheacountryDefinitionofPoliticsThereisnoagreementonkeyconceptsofpolitics1CollectivedecisionmakingAristotlesaidpoliticsiscollectivedecisionmakingandisabouttwothingsmakingadecisionanddoingitcollectivelySuggestspoliticsisinherentlylifeinsocietyAboutthenecessityofmakingdecisionswhenthereislifeinsocietythusItexistsinallsituationsandonecantlivewithoutitAlotaboutgettingalongiewhatispassedisnotwhatyouvotedforbutnohardfeelingsFairlypeacefulandharmoniousviewofpoliticsfromthisdefinitionsociallypeacefulExtremelyuniversalandvisualappliestoallsituationsandcanbeseeninlifehappeningSomesayAristotlesviewisallaboutpeopleandnotinstitutionsoWhenPSdevelopedpoliticsitwasunderstoodasinstitutionsProInvolvessomethingthatseemsinstinctivelyimportantConTherewouldbenomentionofthecrownparliamentetcmakingitincomplete2Politicsasinstitution1950sUnderstandpoliticsonlybypoliticalinstitutionsieparliamenthoweverthislimitsideasandmayleadsometomissedthingsoExcludessocietyagecultureetcThisisEurocentricfocusandrelevantmainlytoEuropeanpeopleandsocietyCannotbeappliedtosocietieswithoutorlackofinstitutionsiethirdworldcountriesOnlydefiningitasinstitutionsmaybeanexaggerationandisnotuniversal3DistributionEastonPoliticalSciencescientistsarguethatitwasabouttheauthoritativeallocationanddistributionofresourcesHaroldLasswellPoliticsiswhogetswhatwhenandhowoComesoutofAmericanpoliticswhichisaboutthepresidentandcongressdecidingwhogetswhatandwhenMightbeEurocentricaswellinthatitmaybegoodforcountrieslikeCanadaandAmericabutirrelevantandlimitingforothercountriesLimitingtoseepoliticsassolelydistributionConDefinitionsuffersduetolackingsocietalcontents4PowerKeyconceptandlargelyendorsedVagueandbroaderdefinitionthanothersbutcanbeusedatanytimeandanywhereItchallengesthefirstpointcollectivedecisionmakingoSomescientistsarguepoliticsisaboutthepursuitofpowerexercisingitusingitretainingitetcoInsocietymostpeoplewantpowerwhichallowspeopletounderstanditindifferenttimeperiodsandsettingsiethesimilaritiesbetweenaPrimeMinisterandaKingPowerKeeppowerinmindallthetimePowerAhaspoweroverBifAcangetBtodosomethingthatBwouldnototherwisedoPoweriscoercionyoudothisorIdothistoyouandorauthoritydothisandyoudoitmuchlikeanorderwhydoyoudoitBecauseIwasthepersonappointedinalegalprocesswhichyouveacceptedUndercertaincircumstancespeoplearenotawareanotherisexertingpoweroverthemItdoesntcompletelycoverequalitybutequalitycouldbeadistributionofpowerPowerisnotonlyaboutcoercionoByenteringaclassroomyoubelieveyouhavethingstodothustheprofdoesnthavetocoerceyoutodothingslikewriteareportDependsonthesettingPowerismoreonauthoritythancoercionoInCanadaitisaboutauthoritymorethancoercionaspeopleacceptthepeopleandinstitutionthattellsthemtodosooFewregimescancontinueonlyoncoercioneveninviolentregimesthecitizensaccepttheauthorityWhenitisonlycoerciontheregimewillfailRetentionofpoweralsodrivespolitics
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