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POL1102 Midterm Readings.docx

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University of Ottawa
Political Science
Ivaylo Grouev

POL1102 Midterm Readings Globalisation: A Very Short Introduction By: Manfred Steger - Suggests using the term globality (instead of globalisation) to signify a social condition characterized by global economic, political, cultural, and environmental interconnections that make existing boundaries irrelevant - But he uses globalisation to refer to the social process that transforms our current social condition into one of globality. Some distinct features that most definitions have: - it involves the creation of new and multiplying existing social networks that can overcome political, economic, cultural, and geographical boundaries - expansion of social relations and interdependencies - intensification of social exchanges and activities - people also becoming aware of growing manifestations of social interdependence and acceleration of social interactions. - Globalisation is an uneven process, people in different parts of the world are all affected differently The Lexus and the Olive Tree By: Thomas L. Friedman - uses the olive trees to represent the old and ancient things, they represent what roots us - the Lexus represents the new and the need for sustenance, improvement, and prosperity (the burgeoning global markets and new computer technologies) - the biggest threats today to your nation and its fundamental values are “the anonymous, homogenizing market forces and technologies” in the globalizing system., Globalisation: A Very Short Introduction; Chapter 2 By: Manfred Steger Is globalisation a new phenomenon? No. → Chronology of globalisation: Prehistoric: - contact among hunters and gatherers was limited geographically and coincidental - changed with the production of food because these societies became organized and supported different classes. Pre-modern: - technological boosts such as the invention or writing and the wheel - there was a diffusion of these technologies throughout the world (globalisation) - the spread of writing allowed for the facilitation of social activities which encouraged large state formations - age of empires - these empires promoted the multiplication and extension of long distance communication and exchange of culture - a trade network was established - this led to massive migrations which also resulted in smaller religions becoming major world religions. Early Modern: - Europe and its social practices served as the primary catalyst for globalisation - technological innovations and reformation of liberal political ideas of limited government were the main forces behind the intensification of demographic and cultural flows throughout the world. - European economists laid the foundation
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