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Political Science
Ivaylo Grouev

GlobalizationFrederic JamesonThe concept of globalization reflects sense of an immense enlargement of world communications As well as of the horizon of a world market both of which seem far more tangible and immediate than in earlier stages of modernityDavid HeldGlobalization may be thought of as process or set of processes which embodies a transformation in the spatial organization of social relations and transactionsassessed in terms of their extensity intensity velocity and impactgenerating transcontinental or interregional flows and networks of activity interaction and the exercise of power James Mittleman Globalization compresses the time and space aspects of social relations Roland Robertson Globalization as a concept refers both to the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a wholeMartin AlbrowSocial perspectiveGlobalization refers to all those processes by which the peoples of the world are incorporated into a single world society global societyAnthony GiddensBoomerang effectGlobalization canbe defined as the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versaEmanuel RichterMutual dependenceDie Globalisierung global networking that has welded together previously disparate and isolated communities on this planet into mutual dependence and unity of one worldRobert CoxEconomic perspectiveThe characteristics of the globalization trend include the internationalizing of production the new international division of labor new migratory movements from South to North the new competitive environment that accelerates these processes and the internationalizing of the state making states into agencies of the globalizing of the world Globalization and its vulnerabilities 1 an active process of corporate expansion across borders and 2 a structure of crossborder facilities and economic linkages steadily growing and changing as the process gathers steam 3 Globalization is also an ideology to reduce any resistance to the process PR strategy based on the following main arguments beneficialunstoppable TINAThere Is No Alternative Globalization as Ideologyadvance of corporate agenda fiscal deregulation balancing the budget cutting back entitlements noncorporatefree trade manifests as having an aura of virtue globalization hints at internationalism solidarity between countries as opposed to nationalism and protectionismCritique1 Alternative rewording for a struggle between protection of transnational corporate TNC rightsversus the freedom of democratic governments to regulate in the interests of domestic noncorporate constituencies 2 Promotes comparative advantage and the division of labor it also supposedly enhances efficiency productivity Because of these virtues and the alleged inability of governments to halt progress globalization is widely perceived as beyond human control which further weakens resistance The GoodBad DichotomyPros camp1 The pace of economic transformation is so great that it creates a new world politics States are no longer closed units and they cannot control their economies The world economy is more interdependent than ever with trade and finances ever expanding 2 The shrinking regional culturethe emergence of a global culture Communications have fundamentally revolutionized the way we deal with the rest of the world Global cultureradio TV fibrooptics satellites world wide web3 Homogenization of the world CNNHollywood Nike Cola4 Time and space seem to be compressed5 Global polity towards a transnationalinternational bodies governance6 Emergence of a new Cosmopolitan culture The Academy Think globallyact locally7 Emergence of risk culture global consciousness realization that risks are global and states are no longer in a position deal with these problems Cons camp1 Globalization is an unique phenomenon without parallel in the human history needs thorough investigation no quick generalizations and definitions2 One of the major effect of globalization is the increased powerlessness of national governments3 Behind the economic narratives of openness and deregulation some see the latest
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