Week 1 - The 1867 Constitution:
-Prelude to Confederation.
- The compromise of 1867.
- The B.N.AAct: signs of centralization.
Week 2 - The Evolution of Canadian Federalism:
- what is federalism?
- centralization and decentralization in federal systems.
- forces of change.
Historical and contemporary evolution
-the early days: the provincial rights movement
-crises: the wars and the depression
- the 1950s: the heyday of federal power
- the Quiet Revolution and provincial activism
-the Trudeau years
-the Mulroney years
-the Chrétien and Martin years
- Stephen Harper and open federalism
Intergovernmental Relations and Fiscal Relations:
1- Intergovernmental Relations
-Intergovernmental Relations in Federal Systems: Inter- versus Intra-State Federalism.
-Intergovernmental Relations in Canada:
First Ministers Meetings
2- Fiscal Relations
- Fiscal imbalance and vertical transfers
-Conditional and unconditional transfers in federal systems.
-Equalization: the need for horizontal transfers
- The history and workings of the equalization program.
- The politics of equalization in Canada
Week 3 - Quebec, Aboriginal Peoples and the Politics of Nationalism Nationalism: Definitions and dynamics.
Québec politics and society
- Pre-1960s Québec
- The Quiet Revolution: social, economic and political dimensions and consequences.
- The Québec Liberal Party: the drive for autonomy and recognition.
- The PQ: independence and social democracy.
- Contact with the Europeans.
- Aboriginal diversity
- The Indian Act (1876)
- Social, cultural and economic issues in Canada's Aboriginal community.
- The 1969 White Paper and Aboriginal Mobilization
Federalism: Political and Policy Dimensions
Politics and Federalism
- Visions of Federalism
- Centralization and decentralization
-Symmetry and asymm