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[PSY1101] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 88 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 1101
Professor
Eleanor Riesen
Study Guide
Final

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uOttawa
PSY1101
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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WEEK 1 SLIDE NOTES SUMMARIZED
Psholog’s sufields
Research examples:
Biological explore the structural problems in the brain that may be part of autism.
Developmental study how the stages of ognitive and emotional development vary in autism.
Cognitive clarify the difficulties autistic children have with understanding sarcasm.
Personaliy decide whether traits like neuroticism need to be measured differently in autism.
Social find how autistic children can learn social skills as procedures if not by intuition.
Positive psychology explore what motives people and contributes to life satisfaction.
Slide 2
Applied:
Clinical psychology use exposure therapy to decrease phobic reactions in traumatized client.
Counselling psychology help someone achieve career goals despite family conflict and self0doubt
Education psychology evaluate aptitudes and achievement to plan for a student with learning
problems.
Industrial-organizational figure out how a factory can improve coordination of tasks, roles, and
personalities.
Community psychology help oodiate a its effots to udestad ad peet elde ause.
Slide 3:
- Psychology in context with other professions
- Psychiatrists are physicians, MDs or Dos. They can prescribe medication.
- In addition to psychologists, professionals in social work, counselling, and marriage and family therapy
may be trained to do psychotherapy.
First application of psychology:
- Improving your test performance
- Scientific studies show us that: Testing yourself boots retention of material.
- the retrieval practice effect/testing effect.
Actively processing material helps master it.
- put it in your own words, make connections.
- Spaced rehearsal, interspaced with other subjects, is more efficient than cramming. (breaks in
between, organize information into small paragraphs)
- spread studying over multiple days.
- Peaple tend to overestimate their mastery. (you think you understand it better than you
understand it)
Slide 4:
- Applying this knowledge: Using SQ3R to master a textbook
- Survey scan/skim what you are about to read, especially chapter outlines and section heads.
- Question Ask questions that the text might answer; write guesses.
- Read Look for the answer to your questions, reading manageable amount at a time.
- Rehearse ‘eall hat oue ead i ou o ods. Test ouself ith uizzes.
- Review Look over text and notes and quickly review the main ideas of the whole chapter.
(Highlight the key stuff)
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WEEK 2 SLIDE NOTES SUMMARY:
Surveying the Chapter: Overview
- typical errors in hindsight, overconfidence, and coincidence.
-the scientific attitude and critical thinking
- the scientific method: theories and hypotheses
- gathering psychological data: description correlation, and experimentation/causation
-describing data: significant differences
- issues in psychology: laboratory vs life, culture and gender, values and ethics.
- Think critally with psychological science.. does this mean criticize?
- Critical thinking refers to a more careful style of forming and evaluating knowledge than simply using
intuition.
- In addition to scientific method, critical thinking will help us develop more effective and accurate ways
to figure out what makes people do, think, and feel the things they do.
-Wh do I eed to ok o  thiig? Cat oj just tell e fats?
- The brain is designed for surviving and reproducing. But it is ot the est tool fo seeig ealit leal.
- To improve our thinking, we will learn to catch ourselves in some critical thinking errors.
- When our natural thinking style fails:
- Hidsight ias’ I ke it all alog
- The coincidence error, or mistakel peeiig ode i ado eets; The die ust e fied
eause ou olled thee sies i a o
- Overconfidence error: I a sue I a oet
- Hindisght Bias: Whe ou see ost esults of pshologial eseah, ou ight sa that as
oious..
- Hindisght bias is like a crystal ball that we use to predict the past.(I knew this was going to happen)
- Classical example: Afte athig a opetitio spots, ookig. If ou dot ake a peditio ahead
of time. When you see most results of pshologial eseah, ou ight sa, that as oious.
(Never assume you know the answer)
- Absence makes the heart grow fonder out of sight, out of mind.
Good fences make good neighbors No woman is an island.
Hidsight Bias
Wh all it ias?
- mind builds its currect wisdom around what we have already been told.
- We ae iased i fao of old ifoatio.
- Ex: e a sta i a ad elatioship eause it has lasted this fa ad thus as eat to e.
Overconfidence Error 1:
Performance: We are too certain in our judgements.
- We overestimate our performance, our rate of work, our skills, and our degree of self control.
- ho log do ou thik it takes to…(ex just fiish this oe thig I doig o the opute eause I
get to work?
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