PSY 2105 Study Guide - Final Guide: Group Cohesiveness, Stepfamily, Limbic System

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Aggression: large amount of physical punishments from parents associated with. Ethnologists contend that there is an innate underpinning to many of the behaviours that children direct toward their peers, experience is necessary for their emergence. Dominance hierarchy in children evident on the playground, summer camps. Parental and peer relations are innate and refelct the. Environmental/learning approaches: to identify basic learning principles that applies across a range of situations, age groups, and types of behaviour. Parents may sometimes unintentionally strengthen behaviour that they do not wish to promote (e. g. patterson"s work on coercive processes aggression) Bandura"s work: reinforcement, punishment are joined by observational learning that results from exposure to a model (as means of socialization) heightened aggression in children (result of modeling) Peers contribute to the development of self-efficacy children"s conceptions of which behaviours they are capable of performing. (peers = natural comparison group) The behaviours that peers model and reinforce may differ from the behaviours that adults try to promote.

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