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Midterm

Psych First Midterm Notes.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY1101
Professor
A L L
Semester
Fall

Description
PSY1101 HTOPIC 1Psychology a Science1 Def PsycheThe mindLogosScienceScience of the mindWilliam James defines psychology as the study of mental processing end of 1800sJohn Watson defines psychology as the scientific study of behavior 1900sToday we have no issue defining it as both2 Roots PhilosophySpeculated on how the mind worksPhysiologyLearned how the brain works and the bodyThese two groups developped methods to research psychology3 Early Schools1 Structuralism 1800s1920s Wundt Structure of the MindConsciousness NOT BRAIN Introspection Sensation Images Feeling Contemplation of ones selfThe problem with this was not everyone may have the same sensations or feelingsWas the first school of psychology and focused on breaking down mental processes into the most basic components Researchers tried to understand the basic elements of the mind through introspection2 Functionalism 1920s William JamesWhat does consciousness as a process look likeFunctionalists sought to explain the mental processes in a more systematic and accurate manner Rather than focusing on the elements of consciousness functionalists focused on the purpose of consciousness and behavior It also emphasized individual differences which had a profound impact on education3 Gestalt 1910Max WertheimerPatternsOrganizationThe WholeEX Table has legs a flat surface Thus we can create tableness anythingthat can fit in this organization can be considered a tableLooked at human mind and behavior as a whole4 Psychoanalysis 1900 Sigmund Freud
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