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Chapter 10 compiled.doc

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University of Ottawa

January 31 2013Lecture 8Chapter 10IntelligenceThe dog Chaser can recognize over 1000 words 4 major sections covered for this chapterI What is IntelligenceA Definition of Intelligence There is no agreement among researchers for a single definition of intelligence But they do agree that certain characteristics are part of intelligence The characteristics are the ability to think rationally solving problems ability to acquire knowledge to act purposefully and to effectively and smartly cope with the environmentB One or Several IntelligencesMost debated questionB1 The FactorAnalysis ApproachIn order for researchers to answer this questions some researchers do factor analysis to do soFactor Analysis Sophisticated statistical technique that is used in order to identify the factors that may underlay clusters of test itemsSpearman used factor analysis to answer this question He cocreated factor analysis Based on his research and observations he concluded While we have different abilitiesthey are not multiple intelligences They all have one factor in common that cuts through them which is general intelligence Intelligence is one single ability that underlies all the abilitiesg is general intelligence and s is specific abilitiesThurstone did not believe we have single intelligence gbut multiple intelligences that are distinct and separate entities He proposed 8 different abilitiesResearchers still found the presence of g when they did factor analysis of 8 abilities
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