Study Guides (238,613)
Canada (115,253)
Psychology (1,169)
PSY1102 (233)
All (113)

Chapter 13 Personality.docx

11 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Ottawa

Chapter 13 PersonalityEarn a Point p 553572 important to study well 10 questionsDefn a persons characteristic pattern of thinking feeling and acting A Exploring the UnconsciousFree association in psychoanalysis a method if exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind no matter how trivial or embarrassing Freud called his theory of personality and the associated treatment techniques psychoanalysis Freud believed that the mind was mostly hidden Our conscious is like part of an iceberg that floats above the surface Beneath our awareness is the larger unconscious mind with its thoughts wishes feelings and memories Some of these thoughts we store temporarily in a preconscious area from which we can retrieve them into conscious awareness Of greater interest to Freud was the mass of unacceptable passions and thoughts that we believed we repress he felt that even though they are not part of our conscious they powerfully influence usHe believed that nothing is accidental The remembered content of dreams their manifest content he believed to be a censored expression of the dreamers unconscious wishes the dreams latent content A1 Personality Structure In Freuds view human personalityincluding its emotions and strivingsarises from a conflict between impulse and restraintbetween our aggressive pleasureseeking biological urges and our internalized social controls over these urges Freud believed personality is the result of our efforts to resolve this basic conflictto express these impulses in ways that bring satisfaction without also bringing guilt or punishment Freud proposed three interacting systems id ego and superego oThe ids unconscious psychic energy constantly strives to satisfy basic drives to survive reproduce and aggress The id operates on the pleasure principle it seeks immediate gratificationoThe ego operating on the reality principle seeks to gratify the ids impulses in realistic ways that will bring long term pleasure The ego contains our partly conscious perceptions thoughts judgements and memoriesoSuperego is the part of personality that according to Freud represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgement the conscious and for future aspirations It strived for perfection judging actions and producing positive feelings of pride or negative feelings of guiltA2 Personality Development Analysis of his patients histories convinced Freud that personality forms during lifes first few yearsHe concluded that children pass through a series of psychosexual stages during which the ids pleasureseeking energies focus on distinct pleasure sensitive areas of the body called erogenous zones Oedipus Complex Freud believed that during the phallic stage boys seek genital stimulation and they develop both unconscious sexual desires for their mother and jealousy and hatred towards their fatheroOther researchers in his field believed girls go through a similar phase called the Electra complex Freud believed that children cope with these threatening feelings by trying to become like the rival parent Identification process the process by which according to Freud children incorporate their parents values into their developing superegos oFreud believed that identification with the samesex parent provides what psychologists now call gender identityour sense of being male or femaleoFreud presumed that our early childhood relationsespecially with parents and caregiversinfluence our developing identity personality and frailtiesIn Freuds view conflicts unresolved during earlier psychosexual stages could surface as maladaptive behaviour in the adult years Fixation according to Freud a lingering focus of pleasureseeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage in which conflicts were unresolved At any point in the oral anal or phallic stages strong conflict could lock or fixate the persons pleasure seeking energies in that stageA3 Defence MechanismsDefence mechanism in psychoanalytic theory the egos protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting realityRepression in psychoanalytic theory the basic defence mechanism that banishes anxietyarousing thoughts feelings and memories from consciousnessoUnderlies all other defence mechanisms oFreud that this is what explains why we do not remember our childhood lust for our parentsoHe felt repression is incomplete and comes out in our dreams and slips off our tongue Regression psychoanalytic defence mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage where some psychic energy remains fixated
More Less

Related notes for PSY1102

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.