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ch 15 ABNORMAL.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY1502
Professor
Rosalinde Klempan
Semester
Winter

Description
ABNORMALDefining abnormal behavior is difficult It generally has the following characteristicsit is maladaptive andor disturbing to the individualit is disturbing to othersit is atypical not shared by many members of the populationit is irrationalDifferent schools of thought have different perspectives on the causes of disordersPerspectiveCause of disorderPsychoanalyticpsychodynamicInternal unconscious conflictsHumanisticFailure to strive toward ones potential or being out of touch with ones feelingsBehavioralReinforcement history the environmentCognitiveIrrational dysfunctional thoughts or ways of thinkingSocioculturalDysfunctional societyBiomedicalOrganic problems biochemical imbalances genetic predispositionsCATEGORIES OF DISORDERSAnxiety Disordersshare the common symptom of anxiety phobia generalized anxiety disorder often referred to as GAD previously called anxiety state obsessivecompulsive disorder posttraumatic stress disorder involves flashbacks or nightmares following a persons involvement in or observation of an extremely troubling evenSomatoform Disorderswhen a person manifests a psychological problem through a physiological symptomhypochondriasis conversion disorder
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