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PSY2110d. Review.Definitions.doc

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SocialPsychologyPsy2110DDownward social comparison social Exam2comparison with people who are worse off or less skilled than we are Wanting to feel better Ch 4 Social CognitionRelative deprivation a feeling of anger or Ch 6 Attitudes and Social Behaviorresentment about our outcomes based on Ch 7 Attitude Changecomparisons with betteroff others Ch 8 Conformity Compliance and ObedienceIndividualist cultures cultures in which people Ch 10 Group Dynamics and Intergroup Conflictare seen as independent beings who possess stable abilities traits and attitudesDefinitionsforCh4Collectivist cultures cultures in which people are seen as interdependent beings who should Attributions casual judgments about why an contribute to harmonious group functioning event or behavior occurredSelfperception theory a theory proposing Intuitive scientists untrained scientists who that we often judge our own internal states by try to make casual judgments in a rational reviewing our past behaviour and inferring scientific manner internal states consistent with our behaviour Covariation model of attribution an unless there were clear external causes of our attribution theory proposing that we make behaviour casual judgments by determining whether a Overjustification effect an inference that we particular behaviour correlated with a person a performed a potentially enjoyable activity for situation or some combination of persons and external reasons eg for a reward rather than situations because we enjoyed it False consensus effect the tendency to Bias blind spot the tendency to think that assume that other people our own attitudes and biases and errors in judgments are more behaviours to a greater extent than is actually common in others than in ourselves the case Selfefficacy the belief that we are capable of Discounting principle a rule of attribution that performing a particular behaviour that is states that the perceived role of a cause will be required for a certain goal discounted reduced if other plausible causes Illusion of control the tendency to are also present overestimate our control of situations and Augmentation principle a rule of attribution events that states that the perceived role of a cause Learned helplessness a state of apathy in will be augmented increased if other factors are present that would work against the which we simply give up trying to achieve our behaviour goals Correspondence bias the tendency to False hope syndrome the tendency to try assume that peoples actions and words reflect repeatedly but unsuccessfully to achieve a goal their personality their attitudes or some other because of unrealistic expectations about the internal factor rather than external or situational likelihood of success factors Ideal self a conception of the self describing Nonverbal behaviour actions and cues that our perception of how we would ideally like to communicate meaning in ways other than by be words Actual self a conception of the self describing Display rules norms in a culture for how and our perception of how we really are when emotions should be expressed Ought self a conception of the self describing Looking glass self the tendency to internalize our perception of how we think we should or other peoples judgments about us into our selfought to be concept Selfdiscrepancy theory a theory proposing Social comparison the process of comparing that differences between the actual self the ourselves to others in order to judge the self ideal self and the ought self produce emotional consequences Upward social comparison social comparison Impression management the deliberate with people who are better off or more skilled than we are Wanting to improvecontrol of ones public behaviour to create a certain impression
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