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IM016e.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY3121
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
The Study of Gender1Chapter1TheStudyofGenderAreMenBoringTelegraphJune112008AreYouCallingUsBoringTelegraphJune122008AreGenderStereotypesBoringNewStatesmanJune282008LectureOutlineAThefirsttwoheadlinestoriesreportedonacurrentskirmishinthegenderwarsawomancontendedthatmenareboringtowomenandamancounteredthatwomenaretheoneswhoareboringThesetwoviewsdrawfromtheessentialistviewhypothesizingthatgenderdifferencesarehardwiredintomenandwomenmakingthemincompatibleonsomeunderlyinglevelThethirdheadlineexpressedaviewconsistentwiththebiosocialviewwhichholdsthatgenderrolesaresocialandthusagreatdealofflexibilityispossibleTheheadlinearticlesreflectthediversityofopinionongenderbothinpsychologyandinthebroadercultureViewsofgenderdifferencesincludetheminimalistviewwhichholdsthatfewunderlyingdifferencesexistbetweenmenandwomenwhereasthemaximalistpositionholdsthatlargedifferencesexistBHISTORYOFTHESTUDYOFSEXDIFFERENCESINPSYCHOLOGYdoesnotextendtotheearliestyearsofpsychologyThestructuralistschoolignoreddifferencesbetweenwomenandmenandwomenwerenotparticipantsinearlypsychologyresearch1TheStudyofIndividualDifferencescameaboutwiththedevelopmentoffunctionalismwhichreflectedthesexistviewsofsocietyatthattimeMostofthesepsychologistsweremenbutfunctionalistpsychologistLetaStetterHollingwortharguedagainsttheintellectualinferiorityofwomenTheriseofbehaviorismresultedinadecreaseofinterestinsexdifferencesandtheeraofwomanlesspsychologybeganduringwhichwomenwerenotoftenpsychologistsorthesubjectsofpsychologicalinquiry2PsychoanalysisandFreudiantheoryconcentratedonsexdifferencesandthepsychoanalyticviewholdsthatwomenareinferiortomenBTHEDEVELOPMENTOFWOMENSSTUDIESresultedfromthefeministmovementofthe1960sth1TheHistoryofFeministMovementsdatesbacktothe19centurywhenthefirstwaveoffeminismfoughttogettherighttovoteforwomenDuringthe1960sthesecondwaveoffeminismdevelopedintoseveralvarietiesLiberalfeministsalsocalledegalitarianfeministswantedtoextendwomensrightsradicalfeministsfocusedontheoppressionofwomenculturalfeministsbelievethatwomenhaveauniquevaluablepointofview2SexorGenderResearchershaveusedthetermsexdifferencesinstudiesthatcontrastedwomenandmenbutsomeresearchershavearguedthatthetermcarriesimplicationsofabiologicalbasisfordifferencesGenderisanalternativetermthatThe Study of Gender2includesthetraitsandbehaviorsregardedbysocietyasappropriateformenandwomenAlthoughthesetwotermsshouldapplytodifferentdomainsnocleardivisionofusagehasyetemergedandbothtermscontinueinuse3WomeninPsychologyincreasedinnumberwiththegrowthofthesecondwaveofthefeministmovementwhenwomenenteredmanyprofessionsinincreasingnumbersWomensentryintopsychologyandotherfieldsinlargenumberschangedthosefieldsproducingmoreresearchonwomenanddecreasingthesexistbiasinresearchFemalepsychologiststriedtofoundadivisionoftheAmericanPsychologicalAssociationforyearsbeforetheysucceededwiththeestablishmentofDivision35PsychologyofWomenlaterchangedtotheSocietyforthePsychologyofWomenCTHEAPPEARANCEOFTHEMENSMOVEMENTwaspromptedbythefeministmovementThechangesinwomensrolesresultedinmenexaminingtheirrolesSomemenhaveconcludedthattheMaleGenderRolehasburdenedthemandsomemenbecameprofeministwhereasothersobjectedtothedissolutionoftraditionalrolesMalepsychologistsinterestedinissuesconcerningmensrolessucceededinfoundingDivision51ofAPAtheSocietyforthePsychologicalStudyofMenandMasculinityin1995DCONSIDERINGDIVERSITYhasbeenaproblemforthewomeninpsychologywhodevotedtheirenergytoissuesofsexismratherthanracismAfricanAmericanwomensometimesfeltthattheyhadtochoosebetweensupportingtheirethnicgrouporsupportingwomenDuringthe1980samoreinclusivepsychologybecameapriorityforfeministpsychologists
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