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Chapter 10.docx

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University of Ottawa
Mary Theresa Howard

Chapter 10Divorce and SeparationDivorce was not always common or acceptableIn early Canada laws for divorce were strict and divorce was infrequent Church dominated social life and forbade divorceAnyone living in a province without a divorce court had to submit a private members bill to parliamenta long and expensive processAllowed divorce on the grounds of adultery and desertionThroughout the 20th century divorce gradually became more acceptable so that in 1968 the first federal Divorce Act was passed It retained faultbased grounds including adultery cruelty and desertion but also recognized the concept of permanent marriage breakdown and allowed both wives and husbands to sue Subsequently divorce has become easier to obtain legally and is increasingly socially acceptablethAbout 38 of marriages end in divorce before the 30 anniversaryRisk of divorce is much higher for a first marriage than for a remarriage43 of women have a decrease in income wi 2 years of separation or divorce where 15 is for menAvg length of marriages that end in divorce is 145 yearsAvg age at which men divorce is 44 years old and the avg age for women is 414Why people divorceWe can examineoSituations people regard as reasons to divorceoUnderlying causesInfidelity and abuseExperiential issues like disagreements and unsatisfactory sex lifeFertility issues like infertility and the desire to have childrenThose who marry before 20 are more likely to separate than those in their later 20s and 30sLower socioeconomic status leads to higher risk of divorceCohabitation before marriage increases the likelihood of divorceSpouses whose parents have divorced are more likely to divorceTheoretical PerspectivesThe structuralfunctional view looks at how an institution like the family is affected by wider social changes The exchange perspective considers the costs and benefits of divorce The feminist perspective women argues that women now have more opportunities and they can leave oppressive relationships Symbolicinteraction theorists focus on the patterns of interchange between husband and wife Decision to DivorceDoes not occur in a single phasePeople may delay separation until a time they consider suitable st1 one or both individuals come to realize that something si wrong with their marriage a period of denial often precedes this
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