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PSYCHOLOGY OF AGING PSY 3128 C1THEMES AND ISSUES IN AGINGADefinition of ageChronological age number of years since birthYoungold 6574Oldold7584Oldestold 85Centenarians 100Supercentenarians 110BIndices of aging Other than chronological ageFunctional age categorize people not on their age but how they function1Biological age use biological measures such as blood pressure to calculate biological age2Psychological age use psychological measures such as cognitive functioning3Social age use social roles such as whether they are retired or a grandparentStill these always have to be readjustedFurther age distinctionsPersonal aging Changes related to aging that occur within the individualSocial aging Changes related to changes in the environment1Normative agegraded aging s influenced by what is the norm at various ages eg in western society we retire around age 652Normative historygraded aging is influenced by events that happen to everyone eg war natural disasters3Nonormative aging is influenced by things that cannot be predicted eg car accidentHistorical influences on agingEducation educational attainment has increased across birth cohorts GI Bill changes in the curriculum and pedagogyOccupational Statuschange in retirement age increase in womans work participation increased work complexityChanges in health and health behaviours societal interventions retirement and pension planCBiopsychosocial perspectiveBiologicalphysiological factors geneticsPsychological emotions thoughtsSocial Culture social contextExElizabeth is an 84yrold woman who reports being distressed She mentions not having any friends and family come visit her anymoreWhat biopsychosocial component is likely promoting her sense of distressWhy is the biopsychosocial perspective importantD FOUR PRINCIPLES OF AGING1Changes are continuous over the life span2Individuality mattersinterindividual differences differences between peopleintraindividual differences differences within the same person3Only the survivors grow old4 Normal aging is different from diseaseNormal agingalso called primary agingchanges related to aging that are universal and progressiveeg cognitive changes wrinklesImpaired aging diseasealso called secondary agingabnormal changes that have an impact on a segment of older adultseg dementia cancerOptimal agingalso called successful agingaging process is slowed down because individual engages in preventive strategies
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