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PSY3128 Lecture Notes.docx

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PSY 3128Geriontology study of old age old peopleIs ageing a social problem An assumption that some people are makingAgeism a form of discrimination against older adults based on their agePositive and negative stereotypes of older peoplenegative that all older people are miserable all the same they overuse health care servicespositiveLifespan perspective divides human development into 2 phasesEarly phase childhood and adolescenceoRapid age related increase in size and abilitiesLater phase young adulthood middle age old ageoChanges in size are slowoAbilities continue to developPaul Baltes 4 key features of lifespan perspectivemultidirectionalityinvolves growth and declineplasticitylearn and improve ones capacity is not predetermined historical contexteach of us develops at a particular time and culture things are different in a different place or timemultiple causationvariety of forces biological psychological sociocultural life cycleoforces of developmentbiological forcesgenetics ageing process biologically predisposedpsychological forcescognitive emotional sensory factors ex Intelligence where did you start from in the beginning sociocultural forcesinterpersonal society culture ex Social roleslifecycle forces event or combination of events may affect people differently depending on when they occur in the life cycle ex Exposure to a certain toxin will have different effects on a child or on an adultLifespan development consists of the dynamic interaction between growth maintenance and loss regulationGee and Gutman have criticized that the aging population will create inevitable chaos apocalyptic demography1aging is a social problem2all old people are the same3overuse services and resources4will result in intergenerational inequality and conflict5welfare will have to be recreated to accommodate increasing number of older peopleBaltes Lindengerger and Staudinger identify 3 sets of influences that interact to produce development change over the lifespanNormative agegraded influences experiences caused by biological psychological and sociocultural forces that are correlated with chronological age Example puberty menopauseNormative historygraded influences events that people in a specific culture experience at the same time Example can be biological epidemics psychological particular stereotypes sociocultural changing attitudes toward sexualityNonnormative influences random or rare events that may be important to specific people but not experienced by most peopleControversies in DevelopmentNatureNurture StabilityChangedegree to which people remain the same over timeContinuityDiscontinuitysmooth progression overtime or series of abrupt shiftsUniversal vs Context Specificjust one path or several
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