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SRS2112 - Christianity.docx

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Religious Studies
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ChristianityWho was JESUS reallycharismatic leader of a Jewish secthe was a healerall sources talk about him performing miracles of healinghe was a teacher of wisdom and ethicshe was a renowned exorcistwhen people were ill headaches schizophrenia etc seen to be caused by demonsJesus was one of thebest cast out demons in his own namehe was the son of God according to his followersbetrayed by his closest confidante handed over to the Roman authorities executed rose from the Deadthis is a common tale told throughout historyThe themes we see in relation to Jesus were common themes in first century Judaism and first century ancient worldhe was a first century Mediterranean Jew along with his followers during his lifetimedisciples from Galilee all of them except Judaseveryone that they convinced to follow him initially was a Jewhis name was JOSHUAhe who savesJesus was from a village called NAZARETHJewish settlement in the hill country of southern Galileeof little economic and political importancenot directly on a major trade routeonly the Christian sources talking about Jesus even mention Nazarethcontinuously inhabited for ca 4000 years quite certain that Jesus actually came from here because it is unlikely that sources trying to proclaim as such a saviour would indicate that he came from such an insignificant placebetween 502000 popnagricultural economypeople lived in caves that were partly natural and partly dug out of the rockextended by a roofed structure at the frontGALILEESEPPHORISapproximately 6 kilometres away from Nazarethfluorishing Hellenstic cityJesus therefore may have grown up under exposure to Hellenistic influencerebuilt as the capital of Galilee following destruction in 4 BCETIBERIUSbuilt by Herod Antipasreplaced Sepphoris as the capital of GalileeCultural makeup of Galilee2 opposing viewsJOHN DOMINIC CROSSANJesus as a Hellenized Cynic peasant stageCRAIG EVANSportrays Galilee as thoroughly Jewish shows that there is not the requisite archaeological evidence prior to 70 CE to support largenon Jewish popnie not a lot of consumption of pigsFood is an important marker of cultureThe different Quests for the Historical JesusTHE FIRSTOLD QUEST 17781906HERMANN SAMUEL REIMARUSprofessor of Oriental languages in Hamburg seven fragments posthumously published in 17748 by the philosopher Lessingfirst to study Jesus from a historical point of viewimportance of keeping the Jesus of faith and the Jesus of history separateunderstanding that Jesus teaching can only be understood in relation to the Judaism of his time first to suggest that a conspiracy theory of the followers of JesusDAVID FREIDRICH STRAUSScriticized both the nave credulity of the standard faithful readers and the hyperskepticism of the rationalist attitudeIn his opinion the Gospel narratives are primarily mythological being he result of unconscious process of mythical imaginationsocially ostracized for his opinionsEARNEST RENANFrench epigrapher and historian published Life of Jesus in 1864 and entirely revised edition in 1867first scholar to combine field work with textual study he actually went to some of the places he was talking aboutBible should be open to the same criticism and scrutiny as any other historical document this was revolutionary thinkingSecond PhaseOld Quest liberal studyMethodological basis for the liberal study of Jesusliterary critical exploration of the sources source criticismFC BAUR demonstrated the priority of the synoptic over JohnHJ HOLTZMANN solidified the two source hypothesis during this period as well Mark and Q were the sources for Matthew and Lukeprior to this everyone posited that Matthew was the first of the GospelsCharacterizing ElementsGerman protestant scholarshipsource criticismdiscontinuity between the Jesus of History and the Christ of Faithbiographies of Jesus based on the gospelsantiJewish biasTHE NO QUEST 19061953 led to the collapse of the Quest for the Historical Jesus by 3 scholarsALBERT SCHWEITZER images in lives of Jesus were projections of the ethical ideal that the authors felt was most worth striving toward nothing more negative than the critical study of the Life of Jesus
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