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University of Ottawa
Religious Studies

SRS2393 A Potential Midterm Exam Questions Part I of course pack readings Examine these questions carefully when deciphering which details to study for the midterm exam 5060 multiple choice questions1 What is the difference between the following paradigms concerning death and dying Be sure to note key normative assumptions and prominent legal cases directly related to these foundational belief systems A sanctity of life ethos B qualified sanctity of life ethos C quality of life ethos D qualified quality of life ethos A Sanctity of Life EthosSue Rodriquez Robert Latimercan never intentionally hasten deatheither through act of commission positive actsuch as by needles or prescribing pillsor act of omissioncant pull respirators or withhold food and water negative actthis was believed for centuries this doctrine was followed faithfully 3 core principlesstewardship life viewed as a loan from Godit was given to you from the creator and therefore ownedunder control of the creator and not you nature must always take its coursecant commit suicide because this would be defying the authority of Godlimited personal autonomycant die when they will it bc they have been given a purpose from a deity and it isnt up to them to question or obstruct it value exists in prolonged suffering sufferingpossess transcendent meaning and its prolongation is therefore justified serves communal serviceie your suffering that has a meaning that is above you its about something bigger than youChrist went on the cross and suffered and hes our savior therefore we should do it too brings us closer to God teaching community how to suffer by showing that suffering is training patience and endurance patient endurance during suffering was importanteveryone had to stick out the pain to avoid and easy routeit would be antiethical to take ones own life for this reason youre basically saying you dont believe in God by taking a quicker route straight ticket to hellintrinsically linked to stewardship he gave us this life we must take it as it isthe slippery slope also called the wedge principlethe view that an unfortunate series of events will impact the greater community brings on divine wrath by allowing the individual to engage in behaviour thats taboo in other words if an individual is allowedto commit a disapproved behavior it threatens the communityie God will get us for allowing this to happen in our community God might send them divine wrathCase Study Sue Rodriguez 41 from BC has ALSchallenges sanctity of life ethos asks the Supreme Court to be able to have a physician assisted suicide for herselfimportant because she was a fully competent adult few if any reasons to doubt that these requests were anything but selfdetermined and intentionalnot a minor not dependent on respirator mentally sound could provide consent and was seeking aid from a third party her specific request for doctor assisted suicide was denied because A her request violated the sanctity of lifeB majority of Court feared it would lead to a slippery slope against societies most vulnerable elderly poor etctherefore an absolute prohibition against killing was maintained even for competent terminally ill adults suffering from intractable pain Case Study Robert Latimerhe killed his own child Tracy because she was suffering tremendouslyshe was severely disabledhe placed her in his truck ran a hose from the exhaust and watched her diehe had no choice he saidshe was suffering extremely from her condition found guilty of second degree murderfear that it would bring a slippery slope others would kill their kids for slight defectsB Qualified Sanctity of Life EthosNancy Bcan allow someone to die by acts of omission ie pulling respirators withholding foodand waterbut cant intentionally hasten death by acts of commission giving pills and needles etclet nature take its course by withdrawing things negative act cause of death attributed to nature rather than to the physicianhalf religious half secular with this ethos in CanadaCase Study Nancy Bremembercant use pills or needleswant to withhold food or water and let them die its okshe had GuillainBarre syndromeher bodys immune system was attacking her nervous systemwas left completely paralyzed needed to use a ventilator permanently but her mental capacities remained intactafter 2years wo improvement she wanted ventilator removed so she could diehospital went to the courts to see if that would be considered murder court declared removing the respirator would just be nature taking its courseafter Nancy B one could still not intend death using acts of commission but one could refrain from prolonging death by withholding or withdrawing treatment ie withdraw a respirator withhold antibiotics or withdraw food and waterie through acts of omission
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