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SOC 2111 Study Guide - Final Guide: Fieldnotes, Nuclear Physics, Likert Scale

Course Code
SOC 2111
Pierre- Marc Gosselin
Study Guide

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Review Questions for the Final Exam
1 - Suppose a young researcher is interested in depression as a subject. After a first
reflection (literature review, discussing with colleagues), he comes to formulate an
initial question:
"To what extent the strength of the economic crisis and its impact on the lives of
people explains behavior problems in individuals suffering from illness like
depression? "
Can we say that his question is valid and relevant from a methodological point of
view? (briefly explain your answer).
Not a good research question because doesn’t define the economic crisis, doesn’t tell us
what type of impact, no general goal (you want to explore or do what), very vague and
not specific.
2 - As part of a research project funded by the Government of Canada, A research
team wants to describe the participation of Canadian soldiers in the fightings that
took place during the Second World War. They want to meet as many Veterans as
possible. They also want to obtain « rich » data that describe how these people have
lived through these events. What tool (only 1 tool) seems appropriate to conduct this
research? (Justify your answer briefly)
Contradiction, rich data an
adv: gives you freedom to ask follow up questions to the answer the participant just gave.
disadvg: time consuming as you have not prepared any questions and harder to analyze
your results.
-feel grateful/comfortable to answer
Questionaire but open ended question
mentioning also that they will have a hard time writing. Show me you’ve managed to
tackle the difficulty inside the question.
3 In a fix design research, you always end up with mostly quantitative data? True
Faculté des sciences sociales | Faculty of Social Sciences
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or False (briefly explain your answer)
If the fix design research questions are open ended and not closed, you can end up with
qualitative data (colors, textures, smells)
4 - A researcher who wants to measure the degree of satisfaction of visitors to a
museum decides to create a self-administered questionnaire that generates a
composite index with questions using a Likert scale (forced choices). Explain briefly
what are the limitations of this technique.
Agree 1 2 3 4 disagree
1-4 is forced choice because participant cannot choose a middle number, if he
picks 3 then he is more on the agree side and if he picks 2 then it is more on a
disagree side. The limitation is that the participant must choose that he either
agrees or disagrees, there is no freedom to answer “neither” or be neural.
Agree1 2 3 4 5disagree
1-3 not forced, because the participant can answer 2 as a middle answer, he/she can pick
2 meaning not agree or disagree. This would therefore be a better format of questioning
because the participant can to not agree or disagree.
5 - Transform these open questions into methodologicaly valid closed questions:
a) Do you watch television regularly? Change it to yes? Or no?
b) Do you have a food allergy? Change it to yes? Or no?
c) Overall what is your satisfaction level of the room service in our hotel? Are you
satisfied with our level of room service in our hotel? Yes or no?
6 - A friend who is a nuclear physicist and a positivist (!) mentions in a conversation
that only an experimental design allows to conduct « true » scientific research. He
also mentions that social scientists lack rigor in adopting interpretivist perspective
and flexible designs. For him, this type of research is a weakened version of true
sciences such as physics, chemistry, etc.. Considering all that we discussed in class,
do you agree? (Briefly justify your answer)
Agree, need to develop an apistomoloegy
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