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SOC3308 COMPLETE NOTES.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC3308
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC3308September72012WorkLaborPaidDailyactivityToearnalonglivingeatshelteretcmarketeconomyIdentitydoctorfirefighteroccupationalactCoworkerrelationshipMakingacontributionWhatamIworthdoctorslawyerspoliticiansSupplyanddemandWhatisworkWorkisanactivitythattransformnatureUndertakeninsocialsituationsWhatcountsasworkisdependentonthesocialcircumstancesActivitiesareinterpretedDefinitionsofworkaresymbolsofcultureandmirrorsofpowerThesethingstellusagreatdealaboutthekindofsocietyweinhabitDifferencebetweenworkandnonworkSeldomlieswiththeactivityitselfandmoregenerallywiththesocialcontextthatsupportstheactivitySocialconstructionofmeaningExperiencesderivetheirearningandsignificantOrientationtoworkReferstothewayinwhichworkersordertheirwantsandexpectationsrelativetotheiremploymentInstrumentalorientationtoemploymentworkisameanstoanendBureaucraticworkersemploymentisaservicetoanorganizationSolidarityworkisseenasagroupactivityandmeansmoralinvolvementinthefirmAttitudestoworkatenotstableChangeasindividualschangetheirstatusetcKMarxSelfrealizationthroughworkUltimateaimofsocietyistobeproductivistItiscapitalismthatinvertedtheworldworkandturneditagainsttheworkersAdamSmithWorkwasanecessaryevilindividualshavetohavesomeincentivetogiveuptheirleisureAndreGorzContemporaryFrenchsociologistSelfrealizationdoesnotoccurwithinconventionalworkbutitassociatedwithhobbiesorleisureactivitiesUnpaidWorkAlsoreferredtoasdomesticlabourHouseworkUnpaidactivitiesoutsideofhousemaintenanceetcGenderEmploymentopportunitiesforwomenhavehistoricallybeenrestrictedtodomesticlikeactivitiescleaningcookingcaringteachingCriticallyengagewiththisideaUnemploymentMarksouttheconventionalboundarybetweenworkandnonworkContingentworkManagementhasusedredundancytoslimtheworkforceandremolditintoamalleableresourceClassicalapproachestoworkMarxEngelsConcernedwithsocialfragmentationdisintegrationandconflictAlienationCapitalismleadstoalimentationItisaneffectofindustrializedcapitalistprocessesAbsenceofcontrolbytheproducerovertheproductSeptember122012CLASSICALAPPROACHTOWORKMARXWEBERANDDURKHEINWageLabourandValueDisjunctionbetweentheexchangevalueofcommoditiesandtheexchangeoflabourforwagesItislabourthatdeterminestheexchangevaluecommoditiestheexchangeoflabourforwageifnotreciprocallyWhatisexchangedislabourpowerthecapacitytoworkConflictingandcontradictoryinterestofemployersandemployeesImpactofMarxEssentiallypoliticalnatureoftheemploymentrelationshipMaterialbaseforindustrialconflictbuildingblocktoananalysisofemploymentWeberSocialstratificationbasedonpropertyownershipDeterminationofclasspositionCapitalismandrationalizationoSecularizationcalculabilityandthegrowthofethicsorientatedtowardmeansnotendsLegalbasisofproceduresPrinciplesofexpertknowledgeandcalculabilityDurkheimFocuseswiththeideaofsocialsolidarityandcohesionDivisionoflabourfreespeoplefromisolationbyinducingmutualdependenceNeedsomeformofinstituonalizeddisputeresolutionieoccupationalassociationInequalitiesarenaturalnormaldivisionoflabourexpressnaturalinequalitiesTHEDIVISIONOFLABOURINSOCIETYEMILDURKHEIMDURKHEIMDEVELOPEDANDPUBLISHEDHISIDEASABOUTTHEDISVIONOFLABORINSOCIETYINthelate1800sReadandunderstandthispieceinthiscontextTheproblemWhatistheproblemthetendenciesofmodernindustrythecollapseofsociallifelossofsocialsolidarityandcohesionWHATDOESTHISMEANOccupationsareseparatedandspecializedThemorespecializedthefunctionsthegreaterthedevelopmentoftheorganismFunctions
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