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FEM2108 MIDTERM 2.doc

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Women's Studies
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Midterm 2 NotesHistory of amendments Each are restrictive and oppressiveImpacts still felt todayo 1850the colonial government called the indian act the act for the better protection of lands and property of the indians in lower Canada Included the nonindian men who were married to indian womenIncluded the nonindian women who were married to indian menInclusivegranted indian status to men and women and their childreno 1851this act was amendedDenied nonindian men who married indian women to acquire indian status Nonindian women could still gain status by marrying indian menChildren that are born from these unions were registered halfbreeds and identified as French Canadian or English Canadians depending on your regiono 1857act gets a new namethe act to encourage the gradual civilization of the indian tribes in the province includes both lower and upper CanadaTo amend the laws respecting indians The enfranchisement actthe removal of legal distinction between nonindians and indians through enfranchisementThe selling of indian rights To help indians absorb into societyThe intent was that enfranchised indians could enjoy the same rights as nonindians while living on reserveIt is restrictive for men and inclusive for womenThe right to sell your indian rights applied only to indian men 21Only males were eligible for enfranchisement When a husband or father sold his rights so did his wife and childrenOnly men could own property This is a European belief Aboriginal women held land and granted men the right to use itif the father died the eldest male could enfranchise even if you had several older daughters and an 11 year old sonhe could do it rights had a price depending on your district and indian agent some paid 25 a head some 50 rare that an indian woman sold her rightssometimes after her husband died to provide for her childreno 1868the definition of indian is finalizedDefinition is based on a patrilineal model This excludes nonindian men who marry indian women but includes nonindian wives of indian men The right to be an indian is through the father
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