Ethnicity - Summer 2010

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Published on 6 Jan 2011
School
UTM
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT102H5
Professor
Ethnicity
Ethnicity and the nation state
A state is usually dominated by a certain ethnic group
Nation-state is a site
Nation-state imposes educational policies
oDominant ethnic group will impose what education rules
It ethnic also has to do with politics
It is fluctuating, fluid,
Ethnicity in Flux
You can change ethnicity
1. Shan
i.Lowland river valleys, irrigation rice agriculture
ii.Extensive agriculture
iii.Highly structured (hierarchical)
2. Kachin
i.Highland slash-and0burn rice cultivators
-Gumalo: egalitarian, acephalous groups
-Gumsa: ranked lineages, herediatary chieftainships
-people tired of being low status, so they go to shan
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-ethnicity is situational:I like greek guys, so he
changed to being greek” lolls
Ethnicity and boundary formation
ethnicity is social boundary formation
there is no checklist of traits for heredity
owhat your grandma eat is not the same as what ou ate
onot all Scottish wear kilts anymore
What are these boundaries?
oFoods, marriage, practices, overt symbols, value systems,
oPashtols of afgan: male autonomy(they are their own boss), equality,
self expression (guys can cry and stuff), aggressiveness, honour,
hospitality code (you wont treat guests same as your kids), purdah (for
boundary reasons, female only mate within group)
Ethnicity is functional
oDivision of labour is based on ethnicity
oPaschal are land owners
oTadjiky – farmers
oFilipina nannies in N.A
National Tradition
Imagined community
oWhen you get to the level of nation states, how can you know
anybody? (maybe just a dozen that you know)
oYou cant know it all so we make tradtion so we can feel like were in
the same page, background
Manipulation of nationalist sentiment
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oMost common states are stipulated, some similarity to clans
oBuilding national tradition is associated with symbols (green beer,
anthems, literature, films, poetry, music, magazines)
oNational tradition is pushed by state
oEx: whos the most important Englishman? Shakespeare (literature)
Appeals to history
oAppeal is to some signature day in the past (victory of war)
oCanada: remembrance day
oTo be a “normal person you have to be able to say your biography,
their key references are often about national symbols
The politics of national identity
National self-interest
oIf you control your nation, you control a lot
oYou can fix local commodity prices
oYou can control exports
The two are 2/3s of government
oAdd tax
o
Development problems
oPoorer country became developed fast
oYou can get uneven development
oYou can get problems like waste disposing
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Document Summary

Ethnicity and the nation state: a state is usually dominated by a certain ethnic group, nation-state is a site, nation-state imposes educational policies, dominant ethnic group will impose what education rules. It ethnic also has to do with politics. Ethnicity in flux: you can change ethnicity. Shan: lowland river valleys, irrigation rice agriculture, extensive agriculture, highly structured (hierarchical) Gumsa: ranked lineages, herediatary chieftainships people tired of being low status, so they go to shan www. notesolution. com ethnicity is situational: i like greek guys, so he changed to being greek lolls. The politics of national identity: national self-interest, if you control your nation, you control a lot, you can fix local commodity prices, you can control exports. Race variety neutral polymorphisms no body is isolated from anybody else unseen bodily componenents. If you take out people"s clothes and put em in swimming pool, they all look the same (lol)