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Anthropology Book Notes
Chapter 1
What is Anthropology?
Human Adaptability
๎€Creativity, adaptability, and flexibility are basic human attributes.
๎€Human diversity is the subject of anthropology.
๎€Anthropology is the study of human species and immediate
ancestors.
oit is holistic
๎€it means the study of the WHOLE human condition
๎€past, present, and future; biology, society, language and
culture
๎€looking things at the big picture
ois the exploration of human diversity in time and space
๎€Culture
oAre traditions and customs transmitted through learning, that
form and guide the beliefs and behavior of the people around
them
oIt is learned by children through enculturation
oIt is not biological
oIt is like ethics, what is wrong and what is not?
Adaptation, Variation, and Change
Adaptation
๎€Processes which organisms cope with environmental forces and
stresses
๎€Forces and stresses could be topography, climate, and terrain
oEx: People who survive in mountains (lack of O2)
๎€Can adapt culturally or biologically
oCulturally: wear O2 masks
oBiologically: hyperventilation, larger lungs (genetic), more
efficient respiratory system (long term)
๎€We used to do foraging but now we do food production
General anthropology
๎€four main subfields: sociocultural/ cultural, archeological, biological,
and linguistic
๎€cultural โ€“ changes in social life and customs
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creativity, adaptability, and flexibility are basic human attributes. human diversity is the subject of anthropology. anthropology is the study of human species and immediate ancestors: it is holistic it means the study of the whole human condition. past, present, and future; biology, society, language and culture looking things at the big picture: is the exploration of human diversity in time and space. processes which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses. forces and stresses could be topography, climate, and terrain: ex: people who survive in mountains (lack of o2) can adapt culturally or biologically: culturally: wear o2 masks, biologically: hyperventilation, larger lungs (genetic), more efficient respiratory system (long term) we used to do foraging but now we do food production. General anthropology four main subfields: sociocultural/ cultural, archeological, biological, and linguistic cultural changes in social life and customs www. notesolution. com.

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