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[ANT201H5] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 43 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT201H5
Professor
David Smith
Study Guide
Final

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UTM
ANT201H5
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

feb 1st
topic 5: origins of resource production
READ INTRO TO PART 3!!!!!
Not only food but other domesticated products
Food
Textiles
Tobacco and alcohol
Big questions of origins
Origins of bipedalism 5-10 Mya
Origins of tool use 2.5> Mya
Origins of modern humans 200 Kya
Origins of resource production 12 Kya
Origins of social complexity 6 Kya
Homo sapiens around for a long time before resource production
What is resource production?
Domestication of species (plants and animals) e.g. teosinte > maize
Sheep domesticated for wool and milk
Where ****
Primary (indigenous) origins), occurred independently, hearts or centers (around the
same time)
o Southwest Asia
o Sub Sahara Africa
o South china earliest domesticated species: 12 Kya, dependence: 8 Kya,
5 Kya beginning of social stratification
o North china
o Papua New Guinea
o Mesoamerica
o South America
o North America
Secondary origins
Difference between domestication and dependence; in domestication stage still hunter gathers
did’t use product all the time; dependence became very important to society
Resource extraction 12, 000 Kya
Hunter/ gatherer/Foragers
Around 10 million people on the planet
Band level social organization: egalitarian
Ju/’hoasi
Hunter gatherer division of labor
Women gather / men hunt
Work only 20 hours a week
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Why start working harder
Doing agriculture is more work than hunter gatherer society
Why did this relatively radical economic social ideational change occur in separate areas at the
same time?
Resource production
o Systematic interference with the resource supply
o Increase in resource supply with accompanying increase energy expenditure
Two interactive processes
1) Changes in plants and animals
Cultivation: direct interference by humans in plants life cycle, at any scale (focus on
annual plants not perennials)
Domestication: the genetic impact on plants or animals, change in genotype(DNA) or
phenotype (physical)
Animal herding: direct interference by humas i a aial’s life cycle, at ay scale
2) Changes in human behavior
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