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Final

ANT204H5 Study Guide - Final Guide: Zora Neale Hurston, Lewis H. Morgan, Franz Boas


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT204H5
Professor
jessicataylor
Study Guide
Final

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ANT 204EXAM
Participant observation- interacting and living with the group or
person being studied, to get a more in depth look on how they live,
important to modern day anthropology
Cultural relativism- Franz Boas’s argument against superiority of one
culture over another, understanding each culture in its own respect….
Can be a dangerous field of though.
Considering practices/beliefs within cultural context, as a whole
Franz Boas- founder of American anthropology in 19th century, “culture
is for ordinary people too”
Medicinal cannibalism- European form of Cannibalism, eating of
small parts of mummies
Economic benefits, no social ties between person eating and dead
Mortuary cannibalism- eating of dead in a funeral sense, person is not
killed for the purpose of eating, only eaten once dead
Endocannibalism- eating someone within your social group
Exocannibalism- eating someone outside your social group (warfare)
William Arens’ The Man-Eating Myth all accounts of cultural
practices of cannibalism are false, because there is inadequate evidence
supporting, believed it only existed for survival
Zora Neale Hurston- folklore anthropologist studied with Franz Boas,
writing about African American folktales from the “insider, outsider”
approach
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The Hamat’sa- canniblist form of dance preformed by Canadian
Aboriginal groups
Form of storytelling, was banned by the Canadian government, but then
allowed to be preformed for important events
Was viewed as savage, because was not understood
Hamlet in the Bush- everyone believes the have the correct story, story
change based on who tells it and their experiences and understanding of
life
Balinese cockfight- Geertz tries to use the cockfight as a symbolic way
of understanding Balinese culture, but is it true?
Limits who’s story I told, In this case women’s story
Understanding not everything is symbolism but sometimes just thy
way it is
Indian time- often does not match with standardized time, time is
determined by movement between events and interaction between
people
Sir Sanford Fleming- inventor standard time zones, used to support
industrialized nature of the western world
Industrialized time- standardized, fixed, connection to capitalism,
industrial revolution and factories regulation of worker’s time
Salvage anthropology- specifically to the collection of cultural artifacts
and human remains, rather than the general collection of data and image
Rubber- invasion of wari land started when people began to search for
rubber
Wari desired to be respected by outsiders including rubber tappers,
helped stop cannibalism
Exploitation and settlement because of rubber on wari land led to
the contact period
Contact first contact 1954 by SPI and NTM
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Pressure to convert to Christianity
Stop traditional practices
Forced to live in larger groups on smaller less fertile land
Massive death by disease
Men’s house abandoned after contact / polygyny stopped
SPI/FUNAI
SPI social Progress Imperative goal of transforming tribe from
savage to civil
Held responsible for the suffering and disease break outs
In 1967 was disbanded and replaced by FUNAI
FUNAI brazils national Indian foundation
Designed to serve the needs of aboriginal people
Kinship- how people make sense and meaning of interaction between
one another, more about social relations than biological
Consanguine- blood relatives, immediate family
Affine- family by marriage
‘iri nari Wari definition of blood relatives, but does include husband
and wife not allowed to consume relatives body
nari paxi non flesh relatives, expected to eat dead, in laws
Huroroin party- reciprocal creating ties between groups of people
Lewis Henry Morgan- considered the father of consanguine and Affine
kin study
Cross-cultural comparison definitions of Consanguine and affine
change between culture and are often not as simple
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