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ANT211H5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Female Genital Mutilation, Anovulation, Social Stratification


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT211H5
Professor
Sherry Fukuzawa
Study Guide
Midterm

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ANT211H5F Human Reproductive Competition
Cross cultural Universals of human society
Monogamous relationships through repeated reproductive episodes
o Biparental care
o marriage
Stable mateships within a social network of other relationships
o Kinship
o Food sharing & economic networks
HUMAN KINSHIP
Universal human principle
Commonalities
Everyone has a concept of close and distant kin
Kinship is understood in terms of genealogical descent or common ancestor
May be cultural & biological
Is Kinship a nepotistic strategy to maximize inclusive fitness?
Mitigates conflict
Involves cooperation
Problems:
Rarely correlates directly with genetic relatedness
May be a cultural (not a biological) relationship
Human Life History
Economic networks & food sharing
Postreproductive people contribute through childcare
Adoption of nonbiological children
Hunter & Gatherer roots
Look at present hunter gatherer societies
E.g. !Kung San, SW Kalahari (Richard Lee & Nancy Howell)
Human Fertility
the invention of agriculture
New material wealth
Domestication of plants & animals
Better maternal nutrition
Lactation anovulation (amenorrhea)
Menstrual cycle
polygyny
Socioeconomic status
Marriage: formal alliance between the sexes
Universal characteristics
Some degree of mutual obligation
Some persistence in time
Some formalized societal sanction
Sexual access (usually exclusive)
Some form of legitimization for the status of offspring
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