anthro-introduction

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT101H5
Professor
Meaghan Marian
Semester
Winter

Description
ANT 101H INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY &  ARCHAEOLOGY What is Anthropology? The study of the human experience from multiple perspectives (Lewis et al., 2013) A holistic approach to humankind Encompasses both CULTURE AND BIOLOGY  Anthropos – “human”  Logos – “study of” The BIOCULTURAL APPROACH CULTURE Human behavior that is learned and shared by members of a society  Not biologically inherited­ Culture is the central paradigm of anthro…and all subfields “what is the central paradigm of bio anthro? Culture” Evolutionary perspective  Adaption to an environment  Scientific method FOUR subfields of Anthropology 1.Sociocultural Holistic study of human behavior Examininations of human behavior through Ethnographies (description of human  behavior through observation of human groups) Observation is the key Cross cultural studies (ethnologies)­ cross­sectional comparisons different groups and  behaviours 2. Linguistics The study of human speech and language   includes both the origins of language in general and analysis of specific languages  (Lewis et al., 2013) o sets us apart from other primates  There is an intricate link between language with culture 3. Archaeology The study of material remains left by cultures, primarily of the past –Prehistorical  –Historical –Public archeology ­ Looking at material remains that was left 4. Biological/Physical Anthropology Biological study of humans and their relatives within the framework of evolution and it’s  relationship to culture  Includes   humans as primates  human ancestry  Modern human variation 4 Subfields of Physical Anthropology 1.Paleoanthropology •Study of human evolution,  • Looking at human ancestry through evolution, primates­modern humans Particularly through fossil remains 2. molecular anthropology Genetics is crucial to understanding evolutionary relationships Can examine the genetic relationships between   human populations   humans and their primate relatives  Humans and their primate ancestors 3. Primatology Study of non­human  p
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