Ch- 15 legislature

7 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Fiona Miller

Chapter 15 - didn’t do CP 7 Legislature • A multimember representative body which considers public issues and gives assent, in behalf of a political community that extends beyond the executive authority, to binding measures of public policy • What they aren’t o Governing bodies o Do not take major decisions o Don’t initiate proposals for laws • Significance o Helps to mobilize consent for the system of rule  Originated from formation of royal courts in Europe  Monarchs judge and discuss with noblemen (represent varied estates -> had right to be consulted) o Essential defence against executive tyranny  Scrutinize the actions of the executive • Ex/ Congress has more domestic responsibilities and detailed  lists of power awarded than the President  o Symbol of popular representation, through assembly  Hold influential hearings in matters of public concern o Contribute to detailed governance  Improve the quality of legislation • Their original purpose o Assemblies gather + meet o Congress congregate o Deliberate o Legislatures pass laws o Parliaments talk • Structure o Size  The size of the assembly , the number of the members in the lower chamberreflects country’s population  Size doesn’t = strength • To big assemblies difficult to work together • Can easily taken over by political parties or committees o Number of chambers  Unicameral – (One chamber) Advantage Disadvantage Of unicameral Of unicameral - Direct popular election - Doesn’t offer checks and reflects the popular will balances - More accountable - Cannot defend individual economically and decisive and group interests against oppressed members in chamber ex/ minorities - Interests usually unified - The second chamber in a among members bicameral serves as a house of review, revising - Lead to delayed bills bills, scrutinizing constitutional amendments and eliminating legislation - Bicameral can be weak, - Upper chamber provides unicameral is consistent protection against an excess of law-making - Shared work load  conduct detailed committee work + assist in appointing  Bicameral – (Two chambers) Found in larger countries st • 1 = lower chamber aka chamber of deputies, national assembly or house of representatives • 2 = Upper chamber aka Senate Weak Bicameral Strong Bicameral - Government survival - Doesn’t depend on depends on maintaining legislatures confidence assembly’s support b/c Directly voted head of state - Lower tends to dominate - Branches had checks and upper chamber balances - One chamber becomes - Independent no focus accountability on single chamber b/c has two for accountability chamber (no dominance )  Ex/ Parliamentary system  Ex/ Presidential system o Selection of the second chamber  Three methods of selection • Direct election – offered longer tenure Senators • Indirect election- First past the post • Appointment (usually by government) o Ex/ Canada senate appointed by Governor General(on advice by PM) and allowed to stay until 75 yrs old • Functions o Representation – Most members articulate the goals of the party under whose label they were elected  Descriptive representation – is present when the members of a representative body resemble the represented in given characteristics, such as ethnicity and gender  Substantive representation- Is present when representatives act on behalf of, and in the interests of those they represent (riding). • The interests and opinions of her constituents but cannot serve as their descriptive representative • Can be kicked out of party if vote against them and must abide the agenda of their party caucus o Deliberation- Debating matters of moment is the classic
More Less

Related notes for ANT102H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.