BIO152H5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Quantitative Trait Locus, Antimicrobial Resistance, Aquatic Adaptation

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2 Feb 2016
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
  !"!# $%&
$ &#'&$$%!
' ()*
 +++
$,)-&- .-
# $%)/-&
 %$,)"01&%
1+
$ )2%+3
+.%++
$,)4 +-.+

#')# , 1-1
+$,). 523"2/3"226
$$%)5+)%+
4  $, +
1& 
7 &1  -31
.
 # , 
$ %+8
, &4 +.+
3 &.1
3. What is polydactyly?
/,03

9  !#, 
#-
31+&
 8, & 0+:
-1%$
+  
;6/<)$#';3/;';';25$7$5$/88$"3'57/523:$7$5$
#2<7$5'"'53$'3/5"$';/5<('88$$537$5$;/88$"3'5725$
#:$523<#$
= + 
 !
6. What may traits determined by polygenes falsely hint at?
31 31
+1 .+
 &13&&
7. Pedigrees (nd practice questions).
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8. What would happen with individuals with an autosomal
recessive disease, in terms of the genotypes of the a$ected?
Are there carriers? Example?
/1
%3 +%
1*+3&
&  
%&
,1/, 1&
.
> What would happen with individuals with an autosomal
dominant disease, in terms of the genotypes of the a$ected?
Are there carriers? Example!
'+&
 +%&
1.3 
+%1**
",/, 0
? +!
 0 
 

 ,@.!:%+
!
/1,&A<'
%+1
,&14@,
,)
 1+,!
1.!
"1. + 1
 (5/"1.
&

13. What is the inheritance of x-linked genes? Example?
3+,@. +,@./
 ,& 
,/A
1
14. How do you transfer genetic information from one
population to another?
15. What are some patterns in X-linked recessive
phenotypes?
16. Do females have twice as much information, since they
have two Xs?
B .!
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.7
++&
13
C "D+<!
5D11&1
"
 &&
 
19. What happens in an alteration of chromosome structure?
Example?
? " "(&.&
.
-8 )+E
3 
+1 $,)+'&

-6
(
-'0+1 )
-+
-(0)%1
  
-"@+&

-"@+&

-  +  &
  ++ 
-" 1 
21. What are the two main ideas of evolution?
(+& 
22. Why do we use the tree of life rather than the ladder of
life?
 !
-7&+ 0+
1
-# &

-;++*1&&
&1+1  

24. How did Darwin interpret extinction?
: , &&
'+ ,&+ 
$&1+&
1,
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