SOCIOLOGY LECTURE.docx

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Department
Cinema Studies
Course
CIN303H5
Professor
Dave Swanston
Semester
Winter

Description
SOCIOLOGY LECTURE #4: CULTURE • What happened when the Greeks fought the Persians? • They fought back • Greeks won, annihilated them • Militia  • Citizen soldiers • How did they get in  • Phalanx System • People didn’t want to die  • Battles had to be quick • This style of warfare was quick and decisive warfare • Culture: the sum of practices language symbols beliefs values ideas and material  objects that people create to deal with  • Culture is shared • Learned • Taken for granted • Symbolic  • Varies across a time and place • Cultures constantly change  • They change over time • Components of cultures  • Abstraction: human capacity to create general IDEAS OR WAYS OF  THINGKING NOT LINKED TO PARTICULAR INSTACES • Symbols: anything that carries a particular meaning • CULTURE: • The sum practices, language, symbols, beliefs, values, ideologies, and material  objects that people create to deal with real­life problems • Passed on from one generation to the next • Society made up of people, culture is made up of ideas, behaviours, and material  possessions • How we think, how we act, what we own • COMPONENTS OF CULTURE: • Abstraction • Human capacity to create general ideas or ways of thinking not linked to  particular instances • Symbols • Anything that carries a particular meaning • Language • A system of symbols that express ideas and enables people to think and to  communicate • Sapir­Whorf thesis  • Production • Human capacity to make and use tools • Material vs. nonmaterial culture  • Values • Collection of ideas about what is right and wrong, good and bad, in a particular  culture • Norms • Established rules of behaviour ad standards of conduct • THREE TYPES OF NORMS • Folkway • The least important, evoke l
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