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Classics 204.docx

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Mariapia Pietropaolo

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Classics 204 1/3/2012 8:09:00 AM
comes from the Greek word muthos
anything that’s been said
a story or a narrative
needs to have divine, hero, king characters
divorced from everyday reality
passed on from generation to generation
preservations of communities traditions
when myths were being developed they didn’t have writing they
were worth of remembering
don’t have only one author they are anymous
the accounts have authors
many accounts have the same story
Etiological myths
some myths are created to explain things
for example creation stories
rationalizing of fundamental questions
700 BC in the early archaic greek period
Contempory of homer
Wrote in Greek
Wrote two poems
Theogony a divine myth the origin of the gods
o Theos = God
o Gonia = coming to be
o Aka birth of the gods
Earliest account of succession of Gods
Arranged them as a family
Gods make up the cosmos
o Order of the universe
Order of the gods is also of the cosmosodity
How power transfers ultimately to Zeus
Starts with a dream of the Muses

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Main elements of culture are still on going no one knows whats
Jason and Medea
Medea is a witch

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Class 2 Divine Myth Success 1/3/2012 8:09:00 AM
Hesiod Life and works
father originally from Cyme (Aeolia)
moved to Ascra (Mt Helicon)
hesoid fell out with brother Perses over inheritance
o Theogony
o Works and days
o Catalogue of women
Are not secure sources
He invents a poetic persona
Dont know if details are geniuine
Hesiod and his father were successful
Hesiod won singing contest
Information hints that he was a sheppard or farmer
Theogony: account of the origins of the gods
Cosmogony: the origins of the universe
Born in a family reproduce sexually
This text is both theogony and cosmogony
Athropos inanimate object with human traits
Gods take over regions of the universe
Apollodorus matches Hesiods account closely
invitation to the muses
Muses: divine patron of the arts there are nine of them
inspirers of mortal song
goddesses personifaction of oral song live on mount helicon
also on Olympus
daughters of Zeus and Memory
oral poetry
each muse had each own sphere of influence
Calliope most important muse of epic song
o head muse
o genre of poetry makes her important
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