Classics 204.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Mariapia Pietropaolo

Classics 204 132012 80900 AM Myth comes from the Greek word muthos anything thats been said a story or a narrative needs to have divine hero king charactersdivorced from everyday realitytraditionalpassed on from generation to generationpreservations of communities traditionswhen myths were being developed they didnt have writing they were worth of rememberingdont have only one author they are anymous the accounts have authorsmany accounts have the same storyEtiological myths some myths are created to explain thingsfor example creation storiesrationalizing of fundamental questionsHesiod 700 BC in the early archaic greek periodContempory of homer Wrote in GreekWrote two poemsTheogony a divine myth the origin of the gods o TheosGod o Goniacoming to beo Aka birth of the godsEarliest account of succession of GodsArranged them as a family Gods make up the cosmos o Order of the universe Order of the gods is also of the cosmosodity How power transfers ultimately to ZeusStarts with a dream of the MusesMain elements of culture are still on going no one knows whats happeningJason and MedeaMedea is a witch Class 2Divine Myth Success 132012 80900 AM Hesiod Life and worksfather originally from Cyme Aeoliamoved to Ascra Mt Heliconhesoid fell out with brother Perses over inheritanceworks o Theogony o Works and days o Catalogue of women Are not secure sourcesHe invents a poetic persona Dont know if details are geniuine Hesiod and his father were successfulHesiod won singing contest Information hints that he was a sheppard or farmerTheogony Theogony account of the origins of the gods Cosmogony the origins of the universeBorn in a family reproduce sexuallyThis text is both theogony and cosmogony Athropos inanimate object with human traits Gods take over regions of the universe Apollodorus matches Hesiods account closelyMusesinvitation to the musesMuses divine patron of the arts there are nine of them inspirers of mortal song goddesses personifaction of oral song live on mount helicon also on Olympus daughters of Zeus and Memory oral poetry each muse had each own sphere of influence Calliope most important muse of epic song o head museo genre of poetry makes her important
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