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CLA233H5- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 111 pages long!)


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA233H5
Professor
Carrie Fulton
Study Guide
Final

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UTM
CLA233H5
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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CLA233 Lec 1 9/7
Elements of identity
- Activities
- Morals/values
- Religion
- Status
- Goals
- Outward appearance
- Nationality/town
- Civic pride
- Language
- Family
- Gender/sexuality
“roman world”
- Roman is one city within a broad geography of Mediterranean
How are we influenced by Rome?
- Media
- Technology sewage system
- Architecture
- Language
- Government system
Bronze age (Greece) mythical Trojan war
Transition to bronze to stone age
Classical period more marble sculptures that could not be made in bronze
- Rise of Athens that becomes the central area of early technology
- Intellectual development
- Towards the end: birth of alexander the great
o Upon his death, his empire is split among different groups
o Death brought in Hellenistic period
Aeneas
- Son of Priam
- Escapes Troy’s defeat and settles in Italy
- Ancestors Romulus & Remus found Rome
Postholes are found in palatine
- Prove that the myths might not be accurate
Romulus sets up a line of kings, final three kings associated with Etruscans
Etruscans have a style similar to the Greeks/Romans ie the tumuli tombs with frescos
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Symposium a drinking party only for elite males in societies
- Get wasted on wine and literature
Etruscan frescos show symposiums with female partner
509 Romans overthrow the Etruscans shifting the government system
Roman Republic is shaped by wars
Caesar rises to power and proclaims perpetual dictator bringing about his assassination
- He is succeeded by Augustus
- Gives rise to imperial Rome
Vesuvius erupts and covers the land in hot ash that preserves and destroys materials
Roman empire is massive
Roman Fall
- Rome undergoes many changes
- Diocletian sets up tetrarch which doesn’t work out
- Constantine comes to rule
- Western empire falls Eastern lasts a bit longer
How do we talk about the past/sources of evidence?
- Fresco
- Architecture
- Coinage/currency
- Maps
- Statues/ sculptures
- Stories oral history
- Inscriptions/dedication [epigraphy writing on]
- Technology
- Tombs ie. Grave goods
- Sites
- Papyrus preserved mostly in Egypt because it is dry and hot
The Roman Ideal LIVY 508 BC
What is important to note?
- Roman ideal is important
- Contrast btw the Roman ideal (value behind actions) vs the Greek (agile, strong)
o Identity is constructed opposite of others
- Romans have a strong sense of duty
Livy
- Wrote around the time of Augustus
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