1 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO AT MISSISSAUGA
Duration: 90 minutes
Maximum: 100 marks
Aids allowed: None
Instructions:Answer only four of the following five questions. They have equal weight.
Please double space your answers if possible. Point form is acceptable.
In the “Examiner’s Report” column on the front of your answer book, please circle
the numbers of the questions you have answered in that book.
1. “We see the impact of computers everywhere except in the productivity statistics.”
Explain what is meant by 1the productivity paradox and outline the evidence for the
existence of the paradox. Discuss the alternative hypotheses that have been suggested to
resolve the productivity paradox and indicate which of the hypotheses are most important,
using any evidence that you feel is appropriate.
2. Describe the structure of Employment Insurance (EI) premiums and benefits in Canada,
including the “ceilings” that apply. Explain the rationale for the ceilings and describe the
impact of the ceilings on the progressivity/regressivity of the Canadian tax system. Discuss
the proposal that organizations that layoff employees more frequently should pay higher
Employment Insurance (EI) premiums than organizations that have more stable
3. Briefly explain the how a union becomes certified under the current provisions of the
Ontario Labour Relations Act and outline the changes to the certification process
implemented in 2005 through Bill 144. Review the “Walmart saga” of union certification
drives in Canada including the experience at the Windsor, Ontario store in 1996-97 and the
Jonquiere, Quebec store in 2005-06.
4. Explain why disputes over the interpretation of a collective agreement are settled by
grievance arbitration rather than relying on the normal court system. Indicate how the
jurisdiction of arbitrators in Canada was affected by the Weber vs Ontario Hydro (1995)
decision. Compare the legal power of an arbitrator to the power of a judge in the normal
legal system. Explain the causes and consequences of delays in the arbitration process and
indicate how these have been addressed in Ontario by the use of expedited arbitration and