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ENV310H5 Study Guide - Final Guide: Ecofeminism, Disruptive Innovation, Infant Mortality

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Barbara Murck
Study Guide

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Adaptive governance: emergent form of environmental governance that is increasingly called upon by
scholars and practitioners to coordinate resource management regimes in the face of the complexity
and uncertainty associated with rapid environmental change.
Adaptive management: also known as adaptive resource management (ARM), is a structured,
iterative process of robust decision making in the face of uncertainty, with an aim to reducing
uncertainty over time via system monitoring.
1. Conceptualize
2. Plan action and monitoring
3. Implement actions and monitoring
4. Analyze use adapt
5. Capture and share learning
Anthropocentric: is the belief that human beings are the central or most significant species on the
planet (in the sense that they are considered to have a moral status or value higher than that of all
Backcasting (reverse engineering)” taking apart an object to see how it works in order to duplicate or
enhance the object. The practice, taken from older industries, is now frequently used on computer
hardware and software
Biocapacity: refers to the capacity of a given biologically productive area to generate an on-going
supply of renewable resources and to absorb its spillover wastes. Unsustainability occurs if the area's
ecological footprint exceeds its biocapacity.
Capacity-Building: process of developing and strengthening the skills, instincts, abilities, processes
and resources that organizations and communities need to survive, adapt, and thrive in the fast-
changing world
- Natural, human, social, financial, manufactured
Circular Economy: industrial economy that is producing no waste and pollution, by design or intention,
and in which material flows are of two types, biological nutrients, designed to reenter the biosphere
safely, and technical nutrients, which are designed to circulate at high quality in the
Civil society: the aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests
and will of citizens
Closed system: a physical system that doesn't exchange any matter with its surroundings, and isn't
subject to any force whose source is external to the system
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