Name: Tiffany Ip
Student number: 1000204726
The role (or duties) of the Forensic Anthropologist in the case study was searching for
document, recovering and analyzing human remains, and also determining victim
characteristics (Saferstein 74). The Forensic Anthropologist was responsible for
assessing whether the remains are forensically significant.
In 2010, the Ontario Forensic Pathology Service and the Office of Chief Coroner Ontario
determined that it is required in Ontario to have a Forensic Anthropologists on a crime
scene if there are burned, buried, outdoor, scattered, badly decomposed or skeletonized
a) The woman found the bone on Monday and she reported it to police on Thursday.
b) The woman’s actions in reporting the discovery of bone could be a potential problem
for the investigation. When the woman found the bone on Monday, she did not report it at
once. Instead, she picked up the bone and took it home. After 3 days, the woman
reported the bone. Once the woman reported the bone, the investigation started.
Nevertheless, the investigation would not be accurate because it did not start once the
bone was found. The woman should report to the police immediately when she found the
1 Name: Tiffany Ip
Student number: 1000204726
a) It is important to establish forensic significance because it reduces the police workload
and the anxiety of the families with missing relatives (Wood). The forensic significance
plays an important role in the medical-legal investigation, which is the focus of the police
or the coroner’s case. If the remain is determined as forensic significant, crime scene
occurs, police is required. The area must be secured until investigation is completed.
b) The criteria of determining if bone is forensically significant are the followings: the
context, where the bone was found, the condition, whether the bone is recent or fresh, or
the bone is old or dry, and the associated objects with the bone. The other criteria of
determining if bone is forensically significant are the followings: whether the bone is
belonged to human, whether the bone is modern individual which means the time of the
bone is less than 60 years since death, and whether the bone is interest to police, which
means the bone is not archaeological or historic, medical or teaching skeletons, or
associated with a cemetery.
c) Dr. Rogers applied the above criteria in the case study as the followings: Dr. Rogers
determined that where did the bone originate, the bone originated from somewhere on
cemetery property, and the bone was brought in with the topsail used for gardening. Dr.
Rogers determined that what condition the bone was in, the bone was in the condition of
dry or no tissue of periosteum, and the bone was in the condition of old or exposed to
weather for a number of years. Dr. Rogers determined that the associated objects with
the bone, the bone should likely be associated with topsoil. Dr. Rogers determined that
whether the bone is belonged to human, the bone maybe belonged to