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Forensic Science
Hisham Ragab

Name: Tiffany Ip Student number: 1000204726 Question 1 The role (or duties) of the Forensic Anthropologist in the case study was searching for document, recovering and analyzing human remains, and also determining victim characteristics (Saferstein 74). The Forensic Anthropologist was responsible for assessing whether the remains are forensically significant. Question 2 In 2010, the Ontario Forensic Pathology Service and the Office of Chief Coroner Ontario determined that it is required in Ontario to have a Forensic Anthropologists on a crime scene if there are burned, buried, outdoor, scattered, badly decomposed or skeletonized remains. Question 3 a) The woman found the bone on Monday and she reported it to police on Thursday. b) The woman’s actions in reporting the discovery of bone could be a potential problem for the investigation. When the woman found the bone on Monday, she did not report it at once. Instead, she picked up the bone and took it home. After 3 days, the woman reported the bone. Once the woman reported the bone, the investigation started. Nevertheless, the investigation would not be accurate because it did not start once the bone was found. The woman should report to the police immediately when she found the bone. Question 4 1 Name: Tiffany Ip Student number: 1000204726 a) It is important to establish forensic significance because it reduces the police workload and the anxiety of the families with missing relatives (Wood). The forensic significance plays an important role in the medical-legal investigation, which is the focus of the police or the coroner’s case. If the remain is determined as forensic significant, crime scene occurs, police is required. The area must be secured until investigation is completed. b) The criteria of determining if bone is forensically significant are the followings: the context, where the bone was found, the condition, whether the bone is recent or fresh, or the bone is old or dry, and the associated objects with the bone. The other criteria of determining if bone is forensically significant are the followings: whether the bone is belonged to human, whether the bone is modern individual which means the time of the bone is less than 60 years since death, and whether the bone is interest to police, which means the bone is not archaeological or historic, medical or teaching skeletons, or associated with a cemetery. c) Dr. Rogers applied the above criteria in the case study as the followings: Dr. Rogers determined that where did the bone originate, the bone originated from somewhere on cemetery property, and the bone was brought in with the topsail used for gardening. Dr. Rogers determined that what condition the bone was in, the bone was in the condition of dry or no tissue of periosteum, and the bone was in the condition of old or exposed to weather for a number of years. Dr. Rogers determined that the associated objects with the bone, the bone should likely be associated with topsoil. Dr. Rogers determined that whether the bone is belonged to human, the bone maybe belonged to
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