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Great summary w samples. Definite/indefinite/partitive articles, COD/COI, futur proche, negation, passe compose, imparfait, pronoms reflechis, order of pronoms, futur simple, y, conditionnel & more

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University of Toronto Mississauga

FRENCH NOTES SUMMARY Faire un entretien (interview) Comment tappelles-tu? Comment vous appelez-vous? What is your name? Je mappelle Sally. Quel ge as-tu? How old are you? Jai 10 ans. Do viens-tu? Tu es do? Where are you from? You are from where? Je vien de Mississauga. Je suis de Mississauga. Vous avez des frres ou des soeurs? Do you have any brothers or sisters? Oui, jai un frre. Dcris-toi dcrivez-vous Describe yourself Je suis. Avoir to have tre to be sessuyer to wipe to dry oneself Jai je suis je messuie Tu as tu es tu tessuies Ilelle a ilelle est ilelleessuie Nous avons nous sommes nous nous essuyons Vous avez vous tes vous vous essuyez Ilselles ont ilselles sont ilsellessessuient -ER (laver) -IR (choisir) -RE (attendre) Je lave je choisis jattends Tu laves tu choisis tu attends Ilelle lave ilelle choisit ilelle attend Nous lavons nous choisissons nous attendons Vous lavez vous choisissez vous attendez Ilselles lavent ilselles choisissent ils attendent Definite articles le, la, l, les (the) Definite articles represent specific nouns: The dog eats my homework. (not just any dog, specifically this dog) Le chien mange mes devoirs. Definite articles also represent nouns in a general sense: We love cheese. (in general, all kinds of cheese) Nous adorons le fromage. Indefinite articles un, une, des (aan, some) Similar to english Represent non-specific, whole items, doesnt matter which one. Used with count nouns: An orange A menu A pen Une orange Une carte Un stylo Sometimes some is omitted in English but you must keep the article in French. Im looking at photos. You are not looking at every photo in the world, just some. Je regarde des photos. Negation: articles all change to de or d in front of a vowel. Vous nachetez pas de bananes. Marc ne boit pas de jus de pommes. EXCEPT if the conjugated verb is tre. Ce sont des bouteilles Ce ne sont pas des bouteilles. Cest un bic Ce nest pas un bic. Partitive articles du, de la, de l (some, any, omitted) Represents part of something you cant count, an indeterminate quantity, a piece or portion. It is used with mass nouns (cannot be counted) De la mayonnaise de la moutarde de la salade Du sucre du fromage du chocolat De lail de lhuile de largent Ex : Paul mange du g teau Paul is eating cake (a piece of cake, not the whole thing) Je mange le hamburger avec de la moutarde I am eating the hamburger with mustard (some, not the entire pot)
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