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[FSC239Y5] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 37 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Forensic Science
Course Code
FSC239Y5
Professor
Joel Cahn
Study Guide
Midterm

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UTM
FSC239Y5
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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FSC239: Lecture 01 The Crime Scene
The crime scene
oMany types
Outdoors, indoors
oAll scenes are different
Require different specialized personal
oClassified in different ways
Location
Primary- where offense initially took place
Secondary- body dump site
Tertiary
And so on if applicable
Size
Could be a whole football field
Could be just the size of a single room
Type of crime
Homicide
Kidnapping
Burglary
oNot static
Boundaries can be redefined
Initially be a small area but later grow into a bigger area
Vice versa is also true
Importance of a scene
oEstablished links: victims, suspect, objects, scene
Hair fibres
Context is very important
What was recovered? When?
Crime scene analysis is highly destructive
Change the scene while processing
If arson case, firefighters have to put out fire which destroys evidence
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oGenerate leads
Track down leads to find suspect or murder weapon
oUnderstanding evidence itself
Finding human bones in forest
Scene can impact meaning of evidence
It makes sense to find animal bones in the forest, but unnatural to find human bones
Something wrong happened
oUnderstand behaviour
Blood splatter
Was there a struggle?
Was the victim already incapacitated?
Where people were situated and what they were doing
oCorroborating witness statements
oID suspects
Blood, saliva used to help generate leads
First Responder
oPolice officer
9-1-1 call
Establish control and leadership
Preserve scene
Formulate a plan
oProvide security
oPreserve scene and protect evidence
oDocument changes to scene
Establish path of contamination
oUsually 2 paths
One made by the culprit
Isolated to avoid contamination
Another made by first responder
Separate path made specifically of those who process the scene
oEmergencies
Injured person at scene (1st priority)
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